• 2017 December 7 18:15

    MABUX Weekly Report: Rising oil production in the U.S. may pressure bunker prices

    The Bunker Review is contributed by Marine Bunker Exchange
     
    MABUX World Bunker Index (consists of a range of prices for 380 HSFO, 180 HSFO and MGO at the main world hubs) declined sharply in the period of Nov. 30 - Dec. 07:

    380 HSFO - down from 354.43 to 347.14 USD/MT (-7.29)
    180 HSFO - down from 396.93 to 388.50 USD/MT (-8.43)
    MGO        -down from 590.07 to 576.57 USD/MT (-13.50)

    OPEC and non-OPEC producers led by Russia agreed on Nov.30 to extend oil output cuts until the end of 2018. After this decision, the main drivers to influence bunker indexes are oil inventories and output levels in the U.S.

    OPEC also decided to cap the combined output of Nigeria and Libya at 2017 levels below 2.8 million bpd. Both countries have been exempt from cuts due to unrest and lower-than-normal production. There was also announced, that all parties would review the agreement at the next OPEC meeting in June. That seems to be a formality since the meetings are always a time and place at which OPEC assesses the situations on the oil market, but if the market tightens too much and prices rise significantly, Russia could push to end the agreement early. With oil prices rising above $60, Russia has more concerns that an extension for the whole of 2018 can prompt a rise in crude production in the United States, which is not participating in the deal. Another problem, that may arise, is to find more safety mechanism to finish the agreement not to let prices to fall. At the same time, Goldman Sachs boosted its oil price forecast following the OPEC meeting. It expects crude prices to gain 9 percent over the next year, but U.S. shale will still add new supply.   

    One of supporting factors today is that crude production from OPEC countries dropped again in November to a six-month low according to Bloomberg. Total production fell 80,000 barrels a day to 32.47 million a day last month. That was the lowest level since May, when output was 32.29 million. Much of the decline was the result of a 100,000-bpd decline from Angola, due to field maintenance.

    News from Nigeria also made a little support to the indexes. On November 29 residents of the Bayelsa region in Nigeria disrupted oil production at a field operated by Shell, shutting down two oil wells. Demonstrators demand power supply to their homes from the oil facility nearby.

    The pace of China’s oil imports growth is one of the most closely watched indicators on global fuel market. China is importing increasing volumes of oil not only because of demand growth, but also because its domestic oil production is declining as large ageing fields mature and as companies cut production from higher-cost fields amid the lower-for-longer oil prices. Therefore, Chinese dependence on crude oil imports is continuously rising and is set to further grow in the foreseeable future. As a result, China’s oil import reliance exceeded 65.6 percent in 2016 and is forecast to rise to 80 percent by 2030. By 2020, Chinese consumption of crude oil is expected at 12 million bpd.

    Moreover, Asian refiners are after U.S. crude oil as WTI continues to trade at a comfortable discount to Brent. Сrude oil shipments from the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan jumped from about 500,000 bpd at the beginning of this year to over 1.2 million bpd. Data from Kpler showed earlier that in October, the amount of crude leaving U.S. ports averaged 1.6 million bpd, a lot of this bound for Asian refiners. Shipments of U.S. crude to Asia will likely continue to rise as production, especially in the shale patch, is increasing. This will eventually have a negative effect on prices.

    The Energy Information Administration reported a 5.6-million-barrel draw in crude oil inventories for the last week. Forecast expected a draw of 3.507 million barrels. But more notably, the EIA confirmed a large build of 6.8 million barrels in gasoline inventories. U.S. crude oil imports averaged 7.2 million barrels per day last week - a decrease of 127,000 barrels per day from the previous week. The EIA also said, refineries operated at 93.8 % of their operable capacity last week. Moreover, U.S. oil rig count rose again last week. The number of oil rigs operating in the US rose by 2 to 749 (versus 477 a year ago). Rising U.S. oil production may level OPEC's efforts in rebalancing the market and that prevents prices from rising much further.

    Meantime, researchers have discovered a flaw in the EIA’s official forecast, which might mean that the Agency is vastly overstating the potential growth of oil and gas production. In particular, the EIA has assumed technology has been behind much of the growth of shale, but the researchers said recent growth is more due to the fact that low prices have forced drillers to focus only on the most productive rigs. The conclusion is that total U.S. oil and natural gas production could undershoot EIA forecasts by 10 percent by 2020, a disparity that widens in subsequent years.

    The main risk at the market now is that the OPEC’s production cut extension, and as a result rising oil prices, may push U.S. output up. Meantime, both: OPEC and Russia don’t see global inventories falling back into the five-year average until the second half of 2018 - seasonally lower demand during winter months suggests that the destocking process will take a breather in the first quarter. In that case, real progress will not begin until probably the second quarter of 2018. At the same time, forecasts for the prices are quite optimistic. Oil market data from OPEC and International Energy Agency are due to issue next week and would define further trend.

    We expect bunker prices may demonstrate slight irregular changes next week.



     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    * MGO LS
    All prices stated in USD / Mton
    All time high Brent = $147.50 (July 11, 2008)
    All time high Light crude (WTI) = $147.27 (July 11, 2008)




2018 May 24

19:04 Coal to Vostochny Port to be transported on Kuzbass-Vostochny Port route by innovative rolling stock
18:07 ZIM posts Q1 2018 results
17:31 Bureau Veritas publishes vital resource for decommissioning industry
17:24 Italy’s first, fully-automated gantry cranes reach Vado Ligure
17:17 Best quarter performance ever at CTSP terminal: 168,500 TEUs, a 7.8% container traffic growth
17:09 Successful testing programme with enhanced Wärtsilä’s navigation systems promotes operational safety and efficiency
16:57 MSC optimises its Transpacific-USWC network
16:15 MABUX: Bunker prices continue upward trend
15:12 UCL Port’s 1Q volumes decline 3.9% Y/Y to 9.4 million tonnes
15:10 ABS evaluation demonstrates feasibility of LPG as fuel strategy for Dorian LPG
14:58 MAN to equip world’s first LNG-powered fishing trawler
14:55 VARD secures contract for one stern trawler for Nergård Havfiske
13:06 TCSP Group’s 1Q volumes fall 8.4% Y/Y to 3.88 million tonnes
12:08 Sea Port of St. Petersburg sees strong growth in 1Q volumes
09:26 Baltic Dry Index drops 37pts to 1162 points
09:08 akquinet and IDENTEC SOLUTIONS join forces to revolutionize refrigerated container management
08:39 Maersk Line starts new transatlantic service between Europe’s Mediterranean region and Canada
08:34 Compagnie Maritime Monégasque and Damen join forces to introduce Fast Marine Access in Brazil

2018 May 23

17:54 Container Terminal Saint-Petersburg invested RUB 256 million in modernization of its facilities in QI’2018
17:27 Greece suggests arranging cruise lines to Russia
17:00 Rosmorrechflot comes out for replacement of shipbuilding subsidies with cheap financing
16:16 Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation enters into force
15:48 New Belgium container connection bolsters Port of Hull
15:25 DALO chooses SARIS to support SAR operations
15:03 FESCO transports three transformers from Novorossiysk for Moscow central heating and power plants
14:42 Ukraine’s water transport carried 0.3 million passengers in 4M’18, down 3%, Y-o-Y
14:21 Hapag-Lloyd update on restrictions for DG cargo handling at FIFA World Cup in Russia
13:59 Cargo transportation by Ukraine’s water transport fell by 18.5% to 1.0 million tonnes in 4M’18
13:36 SASCO BoD elected Aleksey Pavlov as Director General of the company
13:13 “K” Line announces delivery of special coal carrier “CORONA XANADU”
12:52 Tallink Grupp to list shares also on Helsinki Stock Exchange
12:31 Rosmorport appoints Sergey Lyamtsev as Acting Director of its Azov Basin Branch (photo)
12:13 MPC Container Ships ASA acquires three 2,500 TEU feeder container vessels
11:43 Strong programme raises profile of The Maritime Standard Ship Finance and Trade Conference
11:18 Gunvor forms new ship holding jv СlearOcean Tankers
10:50 Port of Singapore throughput in 4M’18 grew by 1.1% Y-o-Y to 207.78 million tonnes
10:28 Brent Crude futures price down 0.63% to $79.07, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.4% to $71.91
10:09 Diana Shipping announces time charter contract for m/v P. S. Palios with Koch
09:55 Okskaya Sudoverf lays down lead multi-purpose dry cargo carrier of Project RSD32M
09:52 Container shipping is smart to collaborate on standards, says MSC CIO
09:15 Baltic Dry Index up to 1,199 points

2018 May 22

18:37 CMA CGM announces GRR from India and Sri Lanka to West Africa
18:07 Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company adopts ABS Subchapter M regulatory compliance mobile software
17:47 Container throughput of port Hong Kong (China) down 2.8% to 6.49 million TEUs in Jan-Apr’18
17:33 Suez Canal revenues up to 479.3million dollar in April
17:26 Severnaya Verf starts cutting metal for initial section of longline factory vessel (photo)
17:05 Med Marine signs two new design contracts with Robert Allan
16:28 Okskaya Sudoverf launches second shallow-draft barge of Project ROB20, Belmax 2 (photo)
16:05 Bibby Offshore secures multimillion North Sea contract
15:50 RF Ministry of Justice registers order on designation of caution areas in ports of cities hosting World Cup 2018
15:34 New generation of RoRo’s designed by KNUD E. HANSEN for Grimaldi
15:04 Iridium network approved to provide Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) services
14:39 North West MP finds out more about how the Port of Barrow is powering the region
14:10 Rosmorport continues providing icebreaker assistance in the Arctic Basin
13:45 Bunker prices are going up at the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
13:21 Van Oord marks 150th anniversary with christening of SRI vessel Bravenes
12:42 IMO approves joint RF/USA proposal on regulation of shipping in the Bering Strait (photo)
12:23 Wärtsilä LNGPac passes 100th order milestone
12:14 Jotun Australia is formally open for Yacht business with complete yacht coating solutions
11:30 ABS Nautical Systems chosen as exclusive mobile compliance solution for Crosby tugs