• 2018 April 5 22:48

    MABUX: The state of uncertainty could keep bunker prices in the phase of irregular changes

    The Bunker Review is contributed by Marine Bunker Exchange

    World oil indexes have bounced back at the end of the quarter as geopolitical risk and OPEC's determination to further extend its production cut deal put a floor under prices. Mean-time, ongoing declines in Venezuela and concerns about heightened tension between the U.S. and Iran have significantly raised the risk premium for oil, even as some short-term factors recently pushed down prices.

    MABUX World Bunker Index (consists of a range of prices for 380 HSFO, 180 HSFO and MGO at the main world hubs) changed insignificant and irregular in the period of Mar.29 – Apr.05:
        
    380 HSFO - down from 367.50 to 366,14 USD/MT (-1.36)
    180 HSFO - down from 408,50 to 406,21 USD/MT (-2.29)
    MGO        - up from 631.14 to 633,79 USD/MT     (+2.65)

    Barclays forecasts a $51-per-barrel price on WTI by the third and fourth quarters of this year, and expects Brent to fall to $57 by the end of the year. As per Bank, recently, the oil market has been supported by supply disruption concerns due to geopolitical situation in the Middle East. However, while demand is being pushed up supported by global economic growth and geopolitical risk that threatens to remove more supply from the market, that short-term deficit will head into surplus again by the second half of the year, according to Barclays.

    As per some information circulating on the market, OPEC and Russia are looking at ways of institutionalizing their cooperation beyond the current production cut agreement, which may (or may not) expire at the end of this year. It was reported last week that both par-ties are working on solidifying their cooperation for the long-term. Besides, OPEC and its non-OPEC partners are reportedly considering an extension of the current production cut agree-ment for six months, through mid-2019.

    After three months of steady output, Russia’s crude oil production increased in March to 10.97 million bpd, the highest level since April 2017. The March production level showed the first increase since December 2017 and is slightly above Russia’s quota in the production cut deal. Russia’s pledge in the OPEC+ deal is to take away 300,000 bpd from its October 2016 level, which was the country’s highest monthly production in almost 30 years—11.247 million bpd. The Russian compliance with the OPEC/non-OPEC deal last month was at 93.4 percent. It was also noted, that Russia would continue to comply with the OPEC/non-OPEC deal until the end of this year and even into 2019 if need be.

    Iraq in turn has approved an increase in country’s crude oil production capacity to as much as 6.5 million bpd by 2022. This compares to a current production capacity of below 5 million barrels and production rates of around 4.4 million bpd as per its OPEC quota. This huge dependence on crude revenues has made Iraq the focus of doubts around compliance with the 2016 OPEC+ production cut deal, with many expecting that the cartel’s number-two producer will be the first to start cheating.

    One of the Saudi oil tankers was attacked on Apr.03 west of Hodeidah by the Iran-aligned Houthi movement. The attack was thwarted after one of the Arab coalition’s ships intercepted the attempt. Sustaining minor damage, the oil tanker completed its course. The Houthi Shiite rebel group has been fighting a Saudi-led coalition in Yemen since 2015. At the end of last year, they threatened that they would start attacking oil tankers and warships sailing under enemy flag if the Gulf coalition fighting it in the country does not reopen its ports. The geopolitical tension in the region has formed momentum support to the fuel prices.

    U.S. crude oil production hit a record, at 10.27 million barrels per day (bpd) last week. That puts the United States ahead of top exporter Saudi Arabia. Only Russia pumps out more, at 11 million bpd. The number of oil rigs in the United States decreased by 7 last week, for a total of 797 active oil wells in the US - a figure that is still 135 more rigs than this time last year.

     Three companies that purchased oil from the U.S. strategic petroleum reserve (SPR) have apparently complained that the oil contains dangerous levels of hydrogen sulfide (H2S). A concentration of H2S that is too high can corrode pipes and refineries. If there are broader problems with the quality of the remaining 665 million barrels placing in storage, it would make the U.S. strategic reserve much less effective as an energy security tool.

    China is imposing tariffs by up to 25 percent on 128 U.S. products, including steel and al-loy pipe for oil and gas, effective on Apr.02. The Chinese tariffs are seen as retaliation to last month’s U.S. tariffs on imported steel and aluminium—a 25-percent tariff on steel imports and a 10-percent tariff on aluminium imports—which U.S. President Donald Trump said he was imposing to address unfair global practices and to protect America’s steel and aluminium indus-tries. While U.S. manufacturers could see a limited impact on steel pipe in this round of Chinese tariffs on U.S. goods, the oil and gas industry is more vulnerable, because oil and gas pipelines import about three-quarters of the steel used to build projects in the United States.

    After Yuan-denominated crude oil futures were launched in China last week, another major step was taken to paying for crude oil imports in its own currency instead of U.S. Dollars. According to the proposed plan, Beijing would start with purchases from Russia and Angola, two nations which, like China, are keen to break the dollar’s global dominance. They are also two of the top suppliers of crude oil to China, along with Saudi Arabia. A pilot program for yuan payment could be launched as soon as the second half of the year. If China's plan to push the Petroyuan's acceptance proves successful, it will give China more power over global oil and fuel prices and will help the Chinese government in its efforts to internationalize yuan.

     HSBC reported that strong demand from Asia has meant that the LNG market has avoided the glut that many forecasts had predicted up until recently. In fact, the LNG market may face the opposite problem: by 2022-2023, there could be a shortage of supply, the result of a slowdown in spending on new projects. The HSBC’s conclusion closely echoes a recent report from Royal Dutch Shell, which warned of a brewing supply crunch in the 2020s due to a shortfall in project development.

    Still, there are a number of uncertainties that make rather difficult to forecast any further fuel trend. On the one part, if OPEC somehow abandons its cuts or begins a phase out sooner than expected, then fuel prices could slide significantly. But there are a number of upside risks as well. The most dangerous is the likely return of sanctions on Iran from the U.S. which, in worst case, may transform into military conflict. Another upside driver is a fall of Venezuela’s oil production. We suppose bunker prices may continue the phase of irregular changes next week while the market is looking for more considerable drivers.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    All prices stated in USD / Mton
    All time high Brent = $147.50 (July 11, 2008)
    All time high Light crude (WTI) = $147.27 (July 11, 2008)




2018 August 16

18:45 Kalashnikov Concern’s Vympel Shipyard lays freezer trawler of Project T30
18:06 Port of Dover awarded contract to Solent Marine Ltd to design and fit-out Dover's new marina
17:32 Maersk Line announces rates from Far East Asia to West Africa
17:06 Hapag-Lloyd increases reefer fleet by 11,100 containers
16:56 DFDS orders additional freight ferry (ro-ro) newbuilding from the Chinese Jinling Shipyard
16:52 Sovcomflot’s shuttle tanker Governor Farkhutdinov ships 600th crude oil cargo for Sakhalin-2
16:03 CMA CGM announces GRR from Asia to Mozambique
15:47 Taganrog Sea Commercial Port's H1 2018 employee benefits and rewards programme totals RUB 2.2 million
15:31 Melbourne port operator ICTSI may be investigated by State and Federal authorities
15:09 Bunker prices at Far Eastern ports remain flat
14:33 CMA CGM announces GRR from Asia to Indian Ocean
14:27 MABUX: Bunker prices may change irregular next week
14:13 Maersk Line announces rates from Far East to North Europe
13:42 First ever S-T-S loading of 70000dwt Panamax coal carrier performed at Shakhtersk harbour transshipment location in Sakhalin
13:32 More investment contracts at the Port of Gdansk
13:02 Wärtsilä equipped Canadian ferry will have minimal environmental impact
12:16 Damen Shipyards Galati celebrates 125 years
12:09 Okskaya Sudoverf Shipyard launches 6th serial barge of Project ROB20
12:03 Boskalis presents half-year results and terminates loss-making low-end transport activities
11:59 Port of Oakland container volume up 3.6 percent in July 2018
11:45 Rolls-Royce launches new battery system for ships
10:58 DP World revenue up 14.4% in H1 2018
10:57 VARD secures contract for one autonomous and electric-driven container vessel for YARA
09:39 EU NAVFOR mission operation commander visits Spanish MPRA in Djibouti
09:21 Baltic Dry Index gains to 1725 points

2018 August 15

18:33 Equinor extends partnership with The Arctic Race of Norway
17:56 Port Kavkaz seven-month volumes soar 30% Y/Y to 25.21 million tonnes
17:36 Russian Gov't to allocate RUB 500 million in subsidies to support small-tonnage fishing ships construction, Rosrybolovstvo says
17:34 Maersk Line to rise rates from Far East to East Coast South America
17:30 Yang Ming orders ten 2,800 TEU containerships
17:19 Nor-Shipping 2019 takes place in Oslo and Lillestrøm, Norway, from 04 to 07 June 2019
16:05 New Times Shipbuilding announces delivery of oil tanker
15:04 Rosrybolovstvo looks into building a series of three RVs as from 2020
15:04 Concordia Maritime AB announces interim report for H1 2018
14:12 Multipurpose Reloading Complex spends over RUB 600,000 on employee benefits and rewards programme
13:20 Konecranes to deliver more electric RTGs to Luka Koper in Slovenia
13:02 Join Marinet Conference at SMM 2018, Hamburg
12:32 Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev gives green light to NLR construction project
12:01 WW Ocean presents new-look trade maps resembling public transit maps
11:15 Port of Vancouver posts H1 2018 results
10:41 Aker Solutions wins orders for Liuhua power umbilical systems in China
10:21 Nor-Shipping 2019 devotes entire hall to new focus on Blue Economy
10:05 Crude oil futures drop 0.22% to $72.3 in London and 0.48% to $66.72 in New York
09:29 Bunker prices at Port of St. Petersburg show mixed movements

2018 August 14

18:30 Hapag-Lloyd annonces General Rate Increase from East Asia to USA and Canada
18:12 FE Railways' loaded freight in Jan-Jul up 2% to 28.2 million tonnes
18:07 Hapag-Lloyd changes terminals at Genoa on its MPS service
17:47 British Ports Association launch Sustainable Development Resolution
17:45 Euro Tank Terminal extends jetty at the port of Rotterdam
17:31 MEYER WERFT holds float out procedure for cruise ship for AIDA Cruises
17:29 APM Terminals launches online customer platform in Bahrain
17:27 MED MARINE delivers a 24m ASD Tug from Turkey to Estonia
16:24 Offshore installation vessel starts work on Belgium’s largest offshore wind farm
15:44 Logistec Corporation declares quarterly drvidends on shares
15:21 Vessel Performance Optimisation Forum Singapore initial speakers announced
15:02 Danaos Corporation announces closing of comprehensive debt refinancing
14:16 Sea Port St. Petersburg earmarked over $337,000 for bonus and social responsibility programmes
14:13 TTS Group ASA secures new contracts for access equipment and cranes for two reefer vessels
14:06 Ports of Primorsk and Ust-Luga support green shipping, to implement incentives for LNG-powered ships as from August 15, 2018
13:39 Bunker prices in Far East seaports edge down