• 2018 April 26 14:49

    IMO takes first step toward Arctic HFO ban, but first needs to define ‘HFO’

    The IMO has agreed to start work to develop a ban on the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO) for combustion purposes by ships in Arctic waters, but first it needs to define what is meant by ‘HFO’ as it isn’t clear what type of fuel the ban might apply to, IBIA said in its press release. Fuel blends complying with the upcoming 0.50% sulphur limit may contain both distillate and HFO blend components, so it will be critical to have a clear definition.

    The decision was made at the 72nd session of the IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72), following majority support for a ban under the agenda item on “Development of measures to reduce risks of use and carriage of heavy fuel oil as fuel by ships in Arctic waters” which was added to the organisation’s work programme at MEPC 71.

    A group of countries put forward a proposal to MEPC 72 to ban HFO use and carriage for use as fuel by all ships to which MARPOL applies when operating in Arctic waters no later than 2021, with a five-year delay in implementation for ships that have fuel tank protections in place. The ban would not apply to HFO carried as cargo.

    Such a ban was resisted by some countries which were ready to identify measures to reduce and mitigate the risk HFO fuel spills, but not a carriage ban. There was also discussion on the potential impact of such a ban on maritime trade, in particular on Arctic communities and economies. MEPC 72 agreed that this should be assessed before adopting a future ban.

    MEPC 72 agreed on the scope of work for the Sub-committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR), which meets for 6th session in February 2019. PPR 6 has been tasked to develop a definition of HFO; prepare a set of guidelines on mitigation measures to reduce risks of use and carriage of heavy fuel oil as fuel by ships in Arctic waters; and on the basis of an assessment of the impacts, develop a ban on HFO for use and carriage as fuel by ships in Arctic waters, on an appropriate timescale.

    What is ‘HFO’?
    It has been widely reported that the use and carriage of HFO is already banned in the Antarctic (including as cargo). This is not strictly speaking correct: the Antarctic ban in Regulation 43 of MARPOL Annex I applies to heavy grade oil (HGO), which is defined as follows:
    .1 crude oils having a density at 15°C higher than 900 kg/m3 ;
    .2 oils, other than crude oils, having a density at 15°C higher than 900 kg/m3 or a kinematic viscosity at 50°C higher than 180 mm2/s; or
    .3 bitumen, tar and their emulsions

    PPR 6 has been instructed to take Regulation 43 of MARPOL Annex I into account when developing a definition of HFO. The key would be .2 in Regulation 43 (above).

    For bunker fuels, the current HGO ban in the Antarctic would not apply to products with a density at 15°C below 900 kg/m3 or a kinematic viscosity at 50°C below 180 cSt.

    This means all the grades meeting current ISO 8217 marine distillate (DM) specifications would be allowed for carriage and use in the Antarctic, while residual grades (RM) have a maximum density limit under ISO 8217 in excess of 900 kg/m3, which would not be allowed.

    However, a number of RM grades sold today are below 180 cSt and it is possible that, despite a density limit above 900 kg/m3 at 15°C, some of these fuels could in fact have densities below this threshold.

    With extensive blending of various components to meet the 0.50% sulphur limit in 2020, it is anticipated that many products will have viscosity below 180 cSt. Density may also be lower than we see for most RM grades today, though most fuels designated as RM grades would most likely have densities above the 900 kg/m3 at 15°C threshold.

    If the IMO agrees to use the current HGO definition for the Antarctic ban to define what constitutes ‘HFO’, density would become the key differentiator between fuels that can be used globally, including the Polar regions, and fuel that cannot be used or carried for use in the Arctic.




2018 August 22

09:08 Atlantic RoRo Carriers makes its first vessel call at The Port of Philadelphia
08:35 Maersk Line introduces digital rate distribution solution

2018 August 21

18:28 JMS-designed RV Virginia is launched, to be delivered to VIMS
18:11 UCL Ports’ Multipurpose Reloading Complex invests heavily in development
18:02 Railway to Sabetta to be built on a concession basis, regional official says
17:24 Ukrainian seaports see a 2.5% decline in Jan-Jul cargo volumes, to 73.9 million tonnes
17:12 Equinor extends contract with Prosafe for Safe Boreas
16:16 M/V RK-19 drydocking and refit begins at Delo Group’s Aleksino Port Marina Shiprepair Yard
16:12 V.Group launches project ‘Embark’ to transform crewing
15:31 Team Tankers reports Q2 net income of $4.4 million
15:11 MOL announces additional investment in PKT Logistics Group, Malaysia
14:47 Kenia Port Authority takes delivery of new 75bp tugboat Eugene
14:31 GasLog inks new charter agreements, orders LNG carrier duo
13:38 All-Russian Aquarobotech 2018 marine robotics competition kicks off in Vladivostok
13:08 Fangcun Port in China to close effective 1st October 2018
13:02 Ministry of Natural Resources offers to set up the NSR development project office
12:24 Far East ports bunker prices open the week on a bearish note
12:08 CMA CGM announces PSS from Asia, India, the Middle East and America to Nigeria
11:21 OSCE mission barred from access to the Russian flagged tanker detained in Kherson port
11:13 Wärtsilä to build Smart Technology Hub, next-generation innovation and production centre in Finland
11:08 MSC slows ships to help protect whales in U.S. waters
10:41 Baltic Dry Index adds 4 pts to 1727 points
10:28 Port of Long Beach box volume rose 11.3% in Jan-Jul to 4.64 million TEUs
10:17 Crude oil futures gain slightly to $72.23 in London and to $65.53 in New York
10:08 HELCOM publishes report on sewage port reception facilities in the Baltic Sea
09:29 Port of Los Angeles seven-month container volumes down 2.59% to 5.14 million TEUs
09:08 Port of Long Beach approves Toyota's Green Terminal makeover
08:26 Crowley successfully supports Appomattox platform tow-out in the U.S. Gulf

2018 August 20

18:26 Okskaya Sudoverf Shipyard delivers sixth serial oil barge BELMAX 6 of ROB20 design
18:06 Dan-Bunkering expands and merges with Australian company
17:36 Carbon Trust and Fistuca announce successful execution of offshore test of innovative new installation technology
17:26 Russian owners, operators stop shipping to Ukraine for fear of loosing cargo
17:09 ESL Shipping takes delivery of eco-friendly bulk carrier Haaga
17:05 Teekay LNG Partners mandates banks to arrange Fixed Income Investor Call
16:35 CMA CGM announces FAK rates from Asia to North Africa
16:05 Royal Wagenborg's m.v. Nassauborg discharges timber in Alexandria
15:30 CMA CGM announces FAK rates from Asia to the Mediterranean
15:02 Maersk and Vopak to launch 0,5% sulphur fuel bunkering facility in Rotterdam
14:48 SHI awarded contract for LNG carrier duo from Celsius Tankers
14:23 Spot market price for Russian M100 product ended last week higher at an average of RUB 18,212 / pmt
13:21 Baltic Shipyard loads heavyweight propulsion units onto the 60MW LK-60 nuclear-powered icebreaker URAL
13:11 APL's Eagle Express Service delivers X-factor in Los Angeles
12:13 Golden Ocean Group to equip its 16 Capsize vessels with scrubbers
12:10 ANL to implement Operational Cost Recovery Surcharge in Chittagong Port
11:07 Port of Vyborg volumes in first seven months rose 28% to 970,000 tonnes
10:57 Golden Ocean announces Q2 2018 results
10:17 Crude oil futures prices edge down to $71.61 in London, in New York to $64.95
10:03 Port of Everett breaks ground on $36 mln South Terminal Wharf Modernization Project
10:03 Baltic Dry Index gains to 1723 points
09:57 Chinese Blockchain Company Yuanben to protect the safety of global maritime freight data
09:36 Box traffic at busiest Chinese ports in Jan-Jul rose 4.1% to 5.36 billion tons
09:28 Port of Hong Kong seven-month box volumes drop 4.4% to 11,5 million TEUs
08:44 Kongsberg Maritime wins contracts for nine hybrid Ro-Ro vessels

2018 August 19

08:19 CMA CGM announces GRR from UAE to East Africa
08:14 Maersk Line introduces Peak Season Surcharge – Scope World to Apapa, Nigeria and Tin Can Island Port, Nigeria
08:12 CMA CGM announces GRR from India to East Africa
08:07 Maersk Line increases rates from Middle East & Indian sub-continent to North America

2018 August 18

08:03 Port of Oakland to build Seaport Logistics Complex
08:00 CMA CGM announces PSS from Europe, Scandinavia, Black Sea and West Med to Indian Ocean islands
07:57 CMA CGM announces FAK rates from Asia to North Europe