• 2018 April 26 14:49

    IMO takes first step toward Arctic HFO ban, but first needs to define ‘HFO’

    The IMO has agreed to start work to develop a ban on the use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO) for combustion purposes by ships in Arctic waters, but first it needs to define what is meant by ‘HFO’ as it isn’t clear what type of fuel the ban might apply to, IBIA said in its press release. Fuel blends complying with the upcoming 0.50% sulphur limit may contain both distillate and HFO blend components, so it will be critical to have a clear definition.

    The decision was made at the 72nd session of the IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 72), following majority support for a ban under the agenda item on “Development of measures to reduce risks of use and carriage of heavy fuel oil as fuel by ships in Arctic waters” which was added to the organisation’s work programme at MEPC 71.

    A group of countries put forward a proposal to MEPC 72 to ban HFO use and carriage for use as fuel by all ships to which MARPOL applies when operating in Arctic waters no later than 2021, with a five-year delay in implementation for ships that have fuel tank protections in place. The ban would not apply to HFO carried as cargo.

    Such a ban was resisted by some countries which were ready to identify measures to reduce and mitigate the risk HFO fuel spills, but not a carriage ban. There was also discussion on the potential impact of such a ban on maritime trade, in particular on Arctic communities and economies. MEPC 72 agreed that this should be assessed before adopting a future ban.

    MEPC 72 agreed on the scope of work for the Sub-committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR), which meets for 6th session in February 2019. PPR 6 has been tasked to develop a definition of HFO; prepare a set of guidelines on mitigation measures to reduce risks of use and carriage of heavy fuel oil as fuel by ships in Arctic waters; and on the basis of an assessment of the impacts, develop a ban on HFO for use and carriage as fuel by ships in Arctic waters, on an appropriate timescale.

    What is ‘HFO’?
    It has been widely reported that the use and carriage of HFO is already banned in the Antarctic (including as cargo). This is not strictly speaking correct: the Antarctic ban in Regulation 43 of MARPOL Annex I applies to heavy grade oil (HGO), which is defined as follows:
    .1 crude oils having a density at 15°C higher than 900 kg/m3 ;
    .2 oils, other than crude oils, having a density at 15°C higher than 900 kg/m3 or a kinematic viscosity at 50°C higher than 180 mm2/s; or
    .3 bitumen, tar and their emulsions

    PPR 6 has been instructed to take Regulation 43 of MARPOL Annex I into account when developing a definition of HFO. The key would be .2 in Regulation 43 (above).

    For bunker fuels, the current HGO ban in the Antarctic would not apply to products with a density at 15°C below 900 kg/m3 or a kinematic viscosity at 50°C below 180 cSt.

    This means all the grades meeting current ISO 8217 marine distillate (DM) specifications would be allowed for carriage and use in the Antarctic, while residual grades (RM) have a maximum density limit under ISO 8217 in excess of 900 kg/m3, which would not be allowed.

    However, a number of RM grades sold today are below 180 cSt and it is possible that, despite a density limit above 900 kg/m3 at 15°C, some of these fuels could in fact have densities below this threshold.

    With extensive blending of various components to meet the 0.50% sulphur limit in 2020, it is anticipated that many products will have viscosity below 180 cSt. Density may also be lower than we see for most RM grades today, though most fuels designated as RM grades would most likely have densities above the 900 kg/m3 at 15°C threshold.

    If the IMO agrees to use the current HGO definition for the Antarctic ban to define what constitutes ‘HFO’, density would become the key differentiator between fuels that can be used globally, including the Polar regions, and fuel that cannot be used or carried for use in the Arctic.




2018 October 23

07:14 GTT receives a new order from DSME for the tank design of an LNG carrier

2018 October 22

18:33 Rolls-Royce and Sunseeker agree new framework agreement for supply of MTU engines
18:32 OOCL introduces new Mediterranean and West Africa direct service
18:29 Rotterdam expects record 50,000-tonne shipment of pig iron
18:01 Arctic Council meeting of Environment Ministers ends with talks about future cooperation
17:39 IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee meets
17:16 Glavgosexpertiza approves modernization of onshore facilities in Salekhard
16:22 Humber International Enterprise Park plans reshaped after public feedback
15:34 Nornickel’s Polar Transportation Division carried 2.4 million tonnes of cargo in navigation season 2018
15:10 ESPO congratulates Port of Valencia, Ports of Bremen, Port of Moerdijk and Port of Tangier for renewing Ecoports’ Environmental Standard
14:17 Sovcomflot named a finalist in four different categories of 2018 Lloyd’s List Global Awards
13:55 Onezhsky Shipyard delivered ice-class buoy tender named Fortuna
13:23 Pavilion Energy and BW ink deal for long-term charter of two Singapore-flagged LNG newbuilds
12:58 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO down to RUB 21,455 in RF spot market
12:36 LUKOIL BoD recommends interim dividend amount
12:13 Bunker sales at the port of Singapore in 9M’18 down 1.5% Y-o-Y to 37.46 million tonnes
11:51 Power of gender diversity on the agenda at Seatrade Maritime Middle East
11:32 Container throughput of port Hong Kong (China) down 5.6% to 14.69 million TEUs in Jan-Sep’18
11:09 Abu Dhabi Ports collaborates with MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company on international blockchain solution Silsal
10:50 Port of Singapore throughput in 9M’18 grew by 0.9% Y-o-Y to 470.49 million tonnes
10:28 Brent Crude futures price up 0.69% to $80.34, Light Sweet Crude – up 0.68% to $69.76
10:09 NYK PCTC receives special award from the Association for Rescue at Sea
09:47 STLC to obtain additional RUB 5.9 billion of federal subsidies in 2018
09:15 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,765 points
09:06 ABS awards AIP to HHI’s standardized FPSO topside
08:08 DP World, UAE Region wins Terminal Operator of the Year at Maritime Standards Awards
06:22 ABS awards AIP to HHI’s deepwater FLNG hull

2018 October 21

08:54 20,000 TEU COSCO SHIPPING Sagittarius named in Shanghai
08:50 CFO Paul Smits leaves the Port of Rotterdam Authority
07:52 COSCO SHIPPING starts shipment of Toyota exhibits

2018 October 20

08:47 Boskalis, Van Hattum en Blankevoort and Mobilis construct deep-sea quay for the new HES Hartel Tank Terminal at Maasvlakte
08:10 Navios Partners announce filing of F - 1 for direct listing of Navios Containers
08:06 Maersk Line increases FAK rates for Northern Europe to Middle East and ISC trade
08:04 U.S. Navy contracts Austal to order materials for EPF 13
07:44 EU Commission launches the European Network of U-space Demonstrators

2018 October 19

18:42 ABN AMRO, Samsung SDS and the Port of Rotterdam Authority launch container logistics blockchain pilot
18:07 Stena Line's battery hybrid vessel completes its first month of operation
17:56 ABN AMRO, Samsung SDS and Port of Rotterdam Authority launch container logistics blockchain pilot
17:35 Port of Gdansk participated in the CILF 2018 fair in China
17:11 Gdansk pays a visit to Singapore
16:57 Testbed established for Internet of Ships Open Platform
16:48 Finland’s Water Transport Act aims to improve safety and increases preparedness for the future
16:26 World’s largest LNG bunker supply vessel “Kairos” started its voyage to Europe
16:04 KN will motivate its employees with the company's shares
15:42 New Falck training centre on the Maasvlakte officially openes
15:20 Seimas members visiting Klaipėda discussed benefits provided by LNG terminal
14:59 Ukraine plans dredging of 16.33 million cbm of material in 2019
14:37 UN agencies delivering on maritime security
14:15 Hapag-Lloyd starts new Red Sea service
14:00 Atomflot: shipments from Arctic LNG and Yamal LNG to be assisted by diesel and gas powered icebreakers
13:31 MOL's newbuilt LNG carrier "MARVEL EAGLE" to transport LNG from Cameron project in U.S.
13:11 NIBULON Shipbuilding and Repair Yard launches POSS-115 Project tug
13:05 BigLift Barentsz sails Northern Sea route for Pioneering Spirit
12:48 Glavgosexpertiza approves reconstruction of KSK grain terminal to increase its capacity to 4 million tonnes
12:22 Q&A with ImageSat International released ahead of SMi’s 4th annual Maritime Reconnaissance and Surveillance Technology conference
12:05 FESCO wins tender for supplying Indian Research Stations in Antarctica in 2019
11:43 Competition for designing and construction of LNG-powered icebreaker to be announced in late 2018 - early 2019
11:20 North Sea Giant turns to The Switch EBL technology
10:54 NOVATEK to place four FLNG facilities on the Northern Sea Route
10:31 RF Navy’s major amphibious ship Ivan Gren enters North Sea