• 2018 September 12 14:37

    Maritime Security and Defence conference: new strategies to guard against future security threats

    For the seventh time the international conference on maritime security and defence (MS&D) was held in Hamburg during SMM, the world’s leading maritime trade fair.  According to SMM press release, the focus of the international conference held on 6 and 7 September 2018 was on current and future challenges to maritime security and defence. Twenty renowned naval, industrial and science experts discussed topics such as how to protect international ocean trading routes, when and how to deploy naval forces on crisis missions, as well as cybersecurity issues.

    The welcome address opened the event with sombre words as Rear Admiral Thorsten Kähler, Chief of Staff of the German Naval Command based in Rostock,deplored the loss of appreciation for the United Nations and the fact that the organisation’s efforts are often being undermined. Instead of the world’s nations treating each other with mutual respect, he said, a situation had arisen in which occupying foreign territories for the purpose of expanding one’s sphere of influence was getting the upper hand. His warning words were: “We are all in the same boat. The freedom of the oceans is a precondition for positive economic and social development in all countries.” The new dangers of multi-dimensional warfare are threatening this freedom. But the German navy is responding, says Kähler. In what represents a paradigm change, operations are now smaller and more focused. Notwithstanding on-going engagements in international missions, the importance of protecting the domestic borders is increasing, for example, by taking responsibility for the immediate neighbours along the Baltic Sea coast. At the same time, Kähler warned, new types of threats have arisen, such as cyber warfare. The rear admiral expressed his strong support for strategic cooperation, demanding more investments in personnel and equipment. The Bundeswehr white paper 2016 provides a solid basis for such efforts, he stressed.

    Dr. Sarah Kirchberger’s speech showed how different the world can look from a different angle: The China expert, who teaches at the University of Kiel, pointed out that maintaining the stability of the country’s political system and its territorial sovereignty are the main motives of Chinese activities. "From the country's own perspective, this legitimises the use of whatever means are deemed appropriate," said Dr. Kirchberger. What has prompted the recent vigorous development of the Chinese naval forces is a constant fear of the West which is rooted in the country's ideology, the head of the department ‘Strategic Developments in Asia-Pacific’ added. Her lecture portrayed the rapid growth of the Chinese Navy. Not only the quantity of naval ships is steadily increasing but their quality, as well. While China had often resorted to Russian material in the past, the country's industry was now capable of matching European standards. A new submarine fleet is adding nuclear naval deterrent capabilities, and new naval bases are being created by building artificial islands on reefs. Kirchberger closed by mentioning the potential of China collaborating with Russia, a constellation still underestimated by the West.

    A challenge of an entirely different nature is climate change, one that has far-reaching implications for navies. Dr. Christian Webersik, who teaches Development Studies at the University of Agder, Norway, presented numerous statistics to demonstrate that there is in fact a connection between the increasing frequency and force of severe weather, and armed conflicts. As an example of a potential future conflict scenario he mentioned the current changes in Arctic ice cover which might lead to new border disputes. The thought was taken up by Dr. Patricia Schneider from the Institute for Peace and Security Policy Research at the University of Hamburg. The lack of a regulatory framework for the Arctic, and territorial claims raised by various nations could soon amount to a significant problem. As melting ice opens up new sea routes, those routes will be open to tourism, as well, which will require protection. New naval vessels will have to be designed to operate in these sea region, Dr. Schneider concluded.

    The complexity of hazards and threats is confronting naval defence with similarly difficult scenarios in coastal operations and port security. Several speakers presented technology solutions as well as operational-tactical systems addressing these tasks. Kai Glasebach from the ship propulsion system specialist Schottel discussed new propulsion systems which enhance manoeuvrability in hard-to-access regions or shallow waters. Sezgin Kama, STL Systems, presented an observation and surveillance system for the protection of port entrances which includes measuring devices for passive detection of objects. Commander Stefan Becker of the German Navy explained how Germany has taken a leading position in aerial surveillance of ocean pollution. Specialised aircraft can monitor 15,000 square kilometre patches of the North Sea and Baltic Sea per hour using radar and sensor technology. Patrick O’ Keeffe from AMC solutions provided an overview of emerging cybercrime threats to naval operations. Effective methods to fend off cyber manipulation of electronic systems and new concepts for protecting information integrity where the subject of the presentation by expert Patrick Rossi from the classification society DNV GL who warned of inadequacies in the fight against the rapidly increasing cyberattacks targeting operational technology.

    The third expert panel at MS&D provided insights into new developments in naval technology. In the first speech, Dr. Hans-Christoph Atzpodien, Chairman of the Federation of the German Security And Defence Industry, explored aspects of structured international cooperation. Third-party pressure to increase European military spending is showing some effect: "In the past, common weapon systems were not even in the discussion," Dr. Atzpodien said. Several countries had resisted such efforts, insisting on their own favoured specifications. “This might change,” he said. "To accomplish that we should harmonise regulations so that cooperative initiatives can be realised. The industry is willing. What is missing is long-term planning."

    The subsequent conference session provided an overview of current research and development efforts. Andreas Burmester, Member of the Executive Board of Thyssen-Krupp Marine Systems, presented clustered technologies such as fully integrated combat systems for next-generation submarines. Such vessels would be suitable for using IDAS – interactive defence and attack systems such as the one presented by Klaus-Eberhard Möller from Thyssen-Krupp’s development partner Diehl Defence. The system is intended to deploy lightweight guided missiles against air threats such as anti-submarine helicopters. Alexander Graf, Rheinmetall, spoke about high-energy lasers and possible uses on board naval vessels. "The systems can hit a one euro coin at a distance of one kilometre with an accuracy of 98per cent." Another focal topic of this expert panel was autonomous weapon systems. The helicopter drone VSR 700 is Airbus Helicopters’ idea of what the future of these systems might look like.  Intended to be used in marine reconnaissance, the VSR 700 is still in its testing stage and should be ready for delivery in 2020. The direction this segment of military technology will take will not solely depend on economic and military interests.

    Dr. Ulrike Franke, representing the European Council on Foreign Relations, examined the question where the red line for the deployment of automatic and autonomous weapons should be drawn. Robots and drones use artificial intelligence to determine independently where, when and at whom to shoot. "What makes their control difficult is related to software rather than hardware," the expert said. Nevertheless, there are ways to reduce civilian casualties, she continued, a topic where Dr. Franke would like to see a greater involvement of the public.

    In his closing remarks, Jan Wiedemann, co-publisher of the industry magazine and conference co-organiser NAVAL FORCES, lauded the first-rate presentations and the excellent results of MS&D. The evening reception contributed significantly to the successful outcome of MS&D 2018 by providing a great platform for networking and information-sharing, he added. Bernd Aufderheide, President and CEO, Hamburg Messe und Congress GmbH, agreed to this positive assessment on the last day of the conference: "The expert panels were a great way to explore security and defence topics in depth, while the exhibition halls showcased the practical implementation of these concepts through live demonstrations of innovative technologies." He invited the international audience to begin planning their attendance of the 2020 MS&D in Hamburg right away.

2018 September 25

16:29 Kotug Smit Towage performs naming ceremony for tug Southampton
16:20 Portugal joins WISTA International
15:38 Volga Shipping Company named the best in terms of transport security
15:12 Mr. Birkir Hólm Guðnason hired as CEO of Samskip Iceland
14:11 CMA CGM to review sales policy regarding Low Sulphur IMO 2020 Regulation
13:49 NIBULON successfully completed its passenger transportation season
13:11 North Carolina Ports’ terminals resume full commercial operations following hurricane Florence
12:50 Fuel oil prices are going up in the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
12:31 Havila Kystruten selects Havyard to deliver the ship design and extensive equipment package for four new vessels
12:14 European ports welcome Parliament’s explicit support to remove the tax barriers for shore-side electricity for ships
12:01 Long Beach Commission OKs budget for expanded rail yard
11:43 DHT Holdings announces $50 mln scrubber financing
11:32 Nevsky Shipyard takes part in «Marintec Offshore Russia» exhibition
11:00 GTT receives a new order from Samsung Heavy Industries for the tank design of two new LNG carriers
10:55 NYK announces delivery of new wood-chip carrier for Hokuetsu Corporation
10:24 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,434 points
10:01 Brent Crude futures price up 0.2% to $80.69, Light Sweet Crude – up 0.12% to $72.17
09:38 Yaroslavsky Shipyard lays down oil recovery vessel of Project Р2114 for Transneft
09:15 Audit summary report to be considered by Sub-Committee on Implementation of IMO Instruments

2018 September 24

18:36 DNV GL unveils the complexity of ocean governance in report for the UN Global Compact
18:03 Klaveness Combination Carriers AS announces completion of USD 45.0 million private placement
17:52 Port of Southampton recognised in top 20 under 40 cruise award
17:36 CMA CGM announces GRR from India West Coast to Mozambique
17:03 Metropolitan Plan for Great Newcastle endorses Port of Newcastle vision
16:50 Ust-Luga Container Terminal handles cargo for Nord Stream 2
16:47 Wightlink names its new flagship
16:45 Bomin exits the bunker markets in Singapore and Antwerp
16:43 Hamburg and St. Petersburg strengthen cooperation at the Port Evening
16:33 DNV GL ends operations in Iran by 4th November
16:19 Vladimir Panchenko dredger built by Shipbuilding - Ship Repair Corporation features local content of 90%
16:03 IMO sadness over Nyerere casualty
15:47 Moby Dik terminal starts handling vessels of Sea Connect line
15:33 Wärtsilä inaugurates upgraded EGC test facilities in Norway
15:20 ESPO wants more ambition on harmonisation of data, while maintaining flexibility in reporting systems
15:03 Vinalines to build 2 terminals at $299 mln in Lach Huyen Port
14:46 Port of Antwerp presents smart port of the future at Supernova
14:33 DFDS Seaways raises capacity on route Zeebrugge - Norway
14:18 Feasibility study of concession of state stevedoring companies «Olvia» and «Kherson» presented for acquaintance to potential investors
14:03 Norway’s largest cruise port of Bergen to build Europe’s largest onshore power supply facility
13:59 Sea Port of Saint-Petersburg named one of the best transport infrastructure facilities
13:34 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO up to RUB 21,529 in RF spot market
13:11 Okskaya Sudoverf lays down fourth dry cargo carrier of Project RSD32M
12:45 NOVATEK shipped first LNG cargo to Brazil
12:23 Finalists for the Seatrade Maritime Awards in Dubai announced
12:00 Nor-Shipping 2019 takes place in Oslo and Lillestrøm, Norway, from 04 to 07 June 2019
11:16 Longline factory ship Marlin laid down by Severnaya Verf shipyard to feature 40% of local content
10:54 Damen performs float-out of Australian icebreaker
10:52 NOVATEK increases number of Management Board members
10:28 Smart shipping to be under the spotlight at Seatrade Maritime Middle East
10:05 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,413 points
09:43 Brent Crude futures price up 1.25% to $79.22, Light Sweet Crude – up 1.2% to $71.63
09:21 Freeport of Riga’s project on construction of Krievu Island Terminal enters its final phase
09:00 Vice Premier Han Zheng inspected COSCO-PSA terminal in Singapore
08:14 International maritime community reaffirms cooperation in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore

2018 September 23

10:47 DEME unveils innovative nodule collector pre-prototype ‘Patania II’
10:33 Global Ship Lease secures additional charter coverage and adds Maersk Line to charterer portfolio
10:30 Hapag-Lloyd announces rates from Latin America to North Europe and South Europe

2018 September 21

18:06 Forth Ports wins prestigious award for community work
17:44 NCSP Group's cargo turnover for January–July 2018 totaled 82,351 thousand tons
17:28 First ISO-container ever loaded with liquefied natural gas at the LNG terminal in Świnoujście