• 2018 September 12 14:37

    Maritime Security and Defence conference: new strategies to guard against future security threats

    For the seventh time the international conference on maritime security and defence (MS&D) was held in Hamburg during SMM, the world’s leading maritime trade fair.  According to SMM press release, the focus of the international conference held on 6 and 7 September 2018 was on current and future challenges to maritime security and defence. Twenty renowned naval, industrial and science experts discussed topics such as how to protect international ocean trading routes, when and how to deploy naval forces on crisis missions, as well as cybersecurity issues.

    The welcome address opened the event with sombre words as Rear Admiral Thorsten Kähler, Chief of Staff of the German Naval Command based in Rostock,deplored the loss of appreciation for the United Nations and the fact that the organisation’s efforts are often being undermined. Instead of the world’s nations treating each other with mutual respect, he said, a situation had arisen in which occupying foreign territories for the purpose of expanding one’s sphere of influence was getting the upper hand. His warning words were: “We are all in the same boat. The freedom of the oceans is a precondition for positive economic and social development in all countries.” The new dangers of multi-dimensional warfare are threatening this freedom. But the German navy is responding, says Kähler. In what represents a paradigm change, operations are now smaller and more focused. Notwithstanding on-going engagements in international missions, the importance of protecting the domestic borders is increasing, for example, by taking responsibility for the immediate neighbours along the Baltic Sea coast. At the same time, Kähler warned, new types of threats have arisen, such as cyber warfare. The rear admiral expressed his strong support for strategic cooperation, demanding more investments in personnel and equipment. The Bundeswehr white paper 2016 provides a solid basis for such efforts, he stressed.

    Dr. Sarah Kirchberger’s speech showed how different the world can look from a different angle: The China expert, who teaches at the University of Kiel, pointed out that maintaining the stability of the country’s political system and its territorial sovereignty are the main motives of Chinese activities. "From the country's own perspective, this legitimises the use of whatever means are deemed appropriate," said Dr. Kirchberger. What has prompted the recent vigorous development of the Chinese naval forces is a constant fear of the West which is rooted in the country's ideology, the head of the department ‘Strategic Developments in Asia-Pacific’ added. Her lecture portrayed the rapid growth of the Chinese Navy. Not only the quantity of naval ships is steadily increasing but their quality, as well. While China had often resorted to Russian material in the past, the country's industry was now capable of matching European standards. A new submarine fleet is adding nuclear naval deterrent capabilities, and new naval bases are being created by building artificial islands on reefs. Kirchberger closed by mentioning the potential of China collaborating with Russia, a constellation still underestimated by the West.

    A challenge of an entirely different nature is climate change, one that has far-reaching implications for navies. Dr. Christian Webersik, who teaches Development Studies at the University of Agder, Norway, presented numerous statistics to demonstrate that there is in fact a connection between the increasing frequency and force of severe weather, and armed conflicts. As an example of a potential future conflict scenario he mentioned the current changes in Arctic ice cover which might lead to new border disputes. The thought was taken up by Dr. Patricia Schneider from the Institute for Peace and Security Policy Research at the University of Hamburg. The lack of a regulatory framework for the Arctic, and territorial claims raised by various nations could soon amount to a significant problem. As melting ice opens up new sea routes, those routes will be open to tourism, as well, which will require protection. New naval vessels will have to be designed to operate in these sea region, Dr. Schneider concluded.

    The complexity of hazards and threats is confronting naval defence with similarly difficult scenarios in coastal operations and port security. Several speakers presented technology solutions as well as operational-tactical systems addressing these tasks. Kai Glasebach from the ship propulsion system specialist Schottel discussed new propulsion systems which enhance manoeuvrability in hard-to-access regions or shallow waters. Sezgin Kama, STL Systems, presented an observation and surveillance system for the protection of port entrances which includes measuring devices for passive detection of objects. Commander Stefan Becker of the German Navy explained how Germany has taken a leading position in aerial surveillance of ocean pollution. Specialised aircraft can monitor 15,000 square kilometre patches of the North Sea and Baltic Sea per hour using radar and sensor technology. Patrick O’ Keeffe from AMC solutions provided an overview of emerging cybercrime threats to naval operations. Effective methods to fend off cyber manipulation of electronic systems and new concepts for protecting information integrity where the subject of the presentation by expert Patrick Rossi from the classification society DNV GL who warned of inadequacies in the fight against the rapidly increasing cyberattacks targeting operational technology.

    The third expert panel at MS&D provided insights into new developments in naval technology. In the first speech, Dr. Hans-Christoph Atzpodien, Chairman of the Federation of the German Security And Defence Industry, explored aspects of structured international cooperation. Third-party pressure to increase European military spending is showing some effect: "In the past, common weapon systems were not even in the discussion," Dr. Atzpodien said. Several countries had resisted such efforts, insisting on their own favoured specifications. “This might change,” he said. "To accomplish that we should harmonise regulations so that cooperative initiatives can be realised. The industry is willing. What is missing is long-term planning."

    The subsequent conference session provided an overview of current research and development efforts. Andreas Burmester, Member of the Executive Board of Thyssen-Krupp Marine Systems, presented clustered technologies such as fully integrated combat systems for next-generation submarines. Such vessels would be suitable for using IDAS – interactive defence and attack systems such as the one presented by Klaus-Eberhard Möller from Thyssen-Krupp’s development partner Diehl Defence. The system is intended to deploy lightweight guided missiles against air threats such as anti-submarine helicopters. Alexander Graf, Rheinmetall, spoke about high-energy lasers and possible uses on board naval vessels. "The systems can hit a one euro coin at a distance of one kilometre with an accuracy of 98per cent." Another focal topic of this expert panel was autonomous weapon systems. The helicopter drone VSR 700 is Airbus Helicopters’ idea of what the future of these systems might look like.  Intended to be used in marine reconnaissance, the VSR 700 is still in its testing stage and should be ready for delivery in 2020. The direction this segment of military technology will take will not solely depend on economic and military interests.

    Dr. Ulrike Franke, representing the European Council on Foreign Relations, examined the question where the red line for the deployment of automatic and autonomous weapons should be drawn. Robots and drones use artificial intelligence to determine independently where, when and at whom to shoot. "What makes their control difficult is related to software rather than hardware," the expert said. Nevertheless, there are ways to reduce civilian casualties, she continued, a topic where Dr. Franke would like to see a greater involvement of the public.

    In his closing remarks, Jan Wiedemann, co-publisher of the industry magazine and conference co-organiser NAVAL FORCES, lauded the first-rate presentations and the excellent results of MS&D. The evening reception contributed significantly to the successful outcome of MS&D 2018 by providing a great platform for networking and information-sharing, he added. Bernd Aufderheide, President and CEO, Hamburg Messe und Congress GmbH, agreed to this positive assessment on the last day of the conference: "The expert panels were a great way to explore security and defence topics in depth, while the exhibition halls showcased the practical implementation of these concepts through live demonstrations of innovative technologies." He invited the international audience to begin planning their attendance of the 2020 MS&D in Hamburg right away.

2019 July 15

17:58 IAPH welcomes new Associate Member from Switzerland
17:33 NIBULON transported 3.5 million tonnes of cargoes by water transport
17:06 Hapag-Lloyd to introduce new Middle East-India-Africa Express Service
16:07 Desktop Just-In-Time trial yields positive results in cutting emissions
15:44 Prevention of marine pollution in South Asia discussed at regional workshop
15:15 Cargotec’s MacGregor receives clearance from the Chinese competition regulator for the acquisition of the marine and offshore businesses of TTS Group
14:56 Murmansk Sea Fishing Port handled 116,000 tonnes of cargo in 6M’2019, down 35.5% Y-o-Y
14:39 RS issues revised Rules for Classification and Construction of ships carrying liquefied gas
14:15 SEACOR Marine announces departure of Chief Operating Officer
13:53 Sever Bay Port terminal on Taimyr included into RF area planning scheme
13:32 MAN Energy Solutions, DSME and HSD Engine sign strategic agreement on engine digitization
13:01 CargoSmart announces GSBN Service Agreements with CMA CGM, COSCO SHIPPING LINES, COSCO SHIPPING Ports, Hapag-Lloyd, Hutchison Ports, OOCL, Port of Qingdao, PSA International and Shanghai International Port Group
12:48 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO up to RUB 16,149 in RF spot market
12:30 ABS and MOL sign MOU to build up to 14 next generation gas carriers
12:14 DSME Smart Ship Solution approved by LR
11:52 Atomenergomash JSC and Aker Arctic Technology Inc sign memorandum of understanding
11:43 MEYER intensifies partnership with Stengel
11:27 SailGP partners with Port of Southampton to deliver Cowes SailGP Tech Area
11:01 Rashid Sharipov elected as Chairman of NCSP BoD
10:25 MABUX: Bunker market this morning, July 15
10:18 Brent Crude futures price is up 0.01% to $66.73, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.15% to $60.12
09:54 KN enhances portfolio of loaded oil products and rendered services
09:30 Throughput of port Shanghai (China) in Jan-June’19 declined by 2.1% to 272.29 million tonnes
09:13 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,865 points

2019 July 14

16:09 USCG coordinates rescue of fishermen 1300 miles southwest of San Diego
15:22 Sanmar Shipyards strengthens its executive team
13:21 MOL sets conditions for issue of 'sustainability' bonds
12:11 SCHOTTEL and ULSTEIN with new cooperation to optimise ship operations with digital services
11:56 Navios Containers promotes Erifili Tsironi as CFO
10:55 2020 Bulkers Ltd. inks chartering agreements with Koch for three Newcastlemax dry bulk carriers

2019 July 13

15:19 Japanese fishing company convicted of obstruction of justice and falsifying records to cover up illegal oil and garbage pollution
13:52 HII completes flight deck on aircraft carrier John F. Kennedy
12:28 SHI wins orders for eco-friendly and highly efficient S-Max tankers
11:23 VT Halter Marine bags $2.9 million contract for U.S. Navy CMAMP program study

2019 July 12

18:19 Shantou China Merchants Port Group takes delivery of eight Kalmar empty container handlers
18:01 Safety of ships and fishing gets a boost in Ghana
17:44 IMO and FAO join efforts to reduce marine plastic litter from fishing vessels
17:26 Throughput of Russian seaports in 6M'2019 grew by 2.8% to 409.0 million tonnes of cargo (detalization)
17:03 SEA\LNG releases study showing benefits of LNG
16:42 North-Western Shipping Company carried 2.3 million tonnes of cargo in H1’19
16:25 Throughput of port Kaliningrad in Jan-June’2019 fell by 19% Y-o-Y to 5.82 million tonnes
16:03 Diana Shipping announces increase of purchase price and extension of tender offer for shares of common stock
15:24 Throughput of port Vysotsk in Jan-June'2019 climbed by 5% Y-o-Y to 9.44 million tonnes
15:03 Port of Long Beach cargo volume tops 677,000 TEUs in June 2019
14:31 Sredne-Nevsky Shipyard lays down yet another minesweeper of Project 12700
14:03 MOL schedules a major renovation of its operated cruise ship, the Nippon Maru
13:02 Höegh LNG executes 18 month interim LNGC timecharter with Cheniere for Höegh Galleon
12:52 NOVATEK’s hydrocarbon production totaled 296.1 million boe in H1’2019
12:00 Throughput of port Primorsk in Jan-June’2019 grew by 11% Y-o-Y to 29.83 million tonnes
11:23 Damen signs maintenance contract with Netherlands Ministry of Defence
11:01 Port of Ust-Luga handled 54.334 million tonnes in 6M’19, up 11% Y-o-Y
10:40 Throughput of Port St. Petersburg in 6M'2019 climbed by 1% Y-o-Y to 30.07 million tonnes
10:36 Belships to expand its fleet with 20th Ultramax newbuilding in 2021
09:54 Bunker prices are going up at the port of Saint-Petersburg, Russia (graph)
09:38 MABUX: Bunker market this morning, July 12
09:35 Brent Crude futures price is up 0.59% to $66.91, Light Sweet Crude – up 0.53% to $60.52
09:18 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,816 points

2019 July 11

18:36 Denmark starts developing the new digital Register of Shipping
18:13 Naval Energies and Hitachi Zosen Corporation in floating wind energy agreement
18:06 Northwest Seaport Alliance breaks ground on $500M Terminal 5 modernization