• 2018 October 11 15:24

    MABUX warns bunker prices may be vulnerable amid the uncertainties on both the supply and demand side

    The Bunker Review is contributed by Marine Bunker Exchange

    World oil indexes rallied last week to their highest level since November 2014 supported by disruptions in the Gulf of Mexico related to Hurricane Michael. However there is downward correction on the market at the moment: API reported a major build of 9.75 million barrels of United States crude oil inventories for the week ending October 5. Anyway there is a number of uncertainties which may cause a state of high vulnerability for the fuel indexes in a short-term. On the supply side, there’s uncertainty about how much Iranian oil the United States will man-age to choke off. Then there’s uncertainty about how much spare capacity Iran’s fellow OPEC members and non-OPEC Russia could summon to replace Iranian losses. Finally, on the demand side, there’s uncertainty whether oil prices at four-year highs and consequently, fuel prices at multiple year highs, are already denting oil demand growth.

    MABUX World Bunker Index (consists of a range of prices for 380 HSFO, 180 HSFO and MGO at the main world hubs), finally demonstrated irregular changes in the period of Oct.04 - Oct.11:
        
    380 HSFO - down from 491.57 to 490.93 USD/MT (-0.64)
    180 HSFO - up from 533.00 to 535.21 USD/MT      (+2.21)
    MGO         - down from 762.36 to 752.71 USD/MT  (-9.65)


    Goldman Sachs said in a note that the oil market could swing into a surplus in early 2019 as spare capacity is deployed. As per Bank, production in Libya and Nigeria was higher than expected, by 300,000 bpd, and coupled with Saudi Arabia’s production ramp-up and the political stabilization of Iraq, which improved prospects for higher output from Kurdistan, it could provide a supply buffer for the final quarter of the year. The investment bank’s warning might not have an immediate effect on prices as traders are at the moment too preoccupied with the worry that OPEC’s spare capacity is at a historic low, but once it sinks in, prices could reverse their climb.

    The U.S. State Department in turn criticized Saudi Arabia for not using its spare capacity. A State Department official said that the U.S. was working with Saudi Arabia to use the spare capacity that they are not deploying, while also insisting that the U.S. was doing its part. The U.S. State Department also said OPEC and non-OPEC producers including Russia continue to withhold production.

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) lowered its outlook for the global economy, expecting a growth rate of 3.7 percent this year and next, down from the 3.9 percent the Fund expected back in April. The IMF cited the uneven nature of the economic expansion, the increase in the likelihood of negative shocks, and the unsustainable policy support behind much of the growth. Robust economic growth underpins the assumed strong increase in oil demand, so any faltering in the global economy exposes downside risk to oil prices.

    The International Energy Agency (IEA) said that rising oil prices may hurt demand in some of the world’s fastest-growing nations unless producers take steps to boost supplies. India is among emerging market economies struggling with a combination of a weakening currency and rising oil prices. The country, which enjoyed a 12th straight month of demand growth in August, could see its trade deficit worsen because of the high crude. India moved to cut retail fuel prices on Oct.04.

    Meantime, India discussed last week the possibility of trading oil with Russia, Venezuela, and Iran either in Indian rupees or under a barter agreement. The idea to use rupees or a barter system comes as U.S. sanctions on Iran draws near and are just over four weeks away. It was also discussed the possibility of creating a rupee-yuan payment mechanism for trading with China.

    At the same time, Indian buyers reduced U.S. crude purchases and loaded up on Iranian oil ahead of the restart of U.S. sanctions next month. U.S. oil shipments to India fell to 84,000 barrels per day (bpd) last month, down 75 percent from a record high of 347,000 bpd in June. India accounted for 12 percent of U.S. crude exports in June. Meantime, Indian buyers lifted purchases of Iranian crude to 502,000 bpd in September, up 111,000 bpd over August. It was also reported that India has plans to purchase 9 million barrels of oil from Iran in November, contra-ry to earlier reports that led the market to believe India had no plans to do so.

    Iran’s crude oil exports plunged to 1.1 million bpd in the first seven days of October, sliding further down from 1.6 million bpd in September. According to tanker tracking, not a single tanker headed to Europe in the first seven days of October. Iran’s tankers were bound instead for China, India, and the Middle East. Besides, some one dozen Iranian oil tankers may have shut off their position devices last month. As a result, nearly 207,000 bpd of Iran’s oil exports that left Iranian oil terminals last month is reportedly unaccounted for.

    A tanker collision a month ago at a critical Venezuelan port may take longer to repair than initially expected. One of the docks will take probably another month before it can come back online, which will likely lead to steeper oil export losses. Venezuela’s exports fell to just 1.1 million bpd in September.

    A trade war between the United States and China is still a potential catalyst: as it escalates global oil demand is sure to suffer. While China hasn’t officially placed a tariff on U.S. oil, refiners and traders appear to be increasingly wary of purchasing oil from the U.S. – suggesting they believe the tariffs may be on the agenda.

    It was reported a dip of 2 in the oil and gas rig count in the United States last week, bringing the total number of active oil and gas rigs to 1,052 (the number of active oil rigs decreasing by 2 to reach 861). The oil and gas rig count is now 116 up from this time last year.

    The Yemeni Houthi rebels have detained 10 vessels, including fuel tankers, at the port of Hodeidah, and are preventing them from offloading their cargo. The vessels waiting to unload at Hodeidah, and some of them had been held up at the port for as long as six months. The port city is currently a battlefield between the Iran-backed Houthis and the coalition of Saudi and Emirati forces. Yemen’s oil reserves have been estimated at 3 billion barrels. Even before the start of the civil war, the country wasn’t a major oil producer, especially compared to the other countries in the Middle East.

    Persisting uncertainties on both the supply and demand side are making the market and participants nervous. Fuel indexes could be more vulnerable than usual to hints, news, and comments until the U.S. sanctions on Iran return in four weeks. We assume bunker prices may change irregular next week.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    All prices stated in USD / Mton
    All time high Brent = $147.50 (July 11, 2008)
    All time high Light crude (WTI) = $147.27 (July 11, 2008)




2018 December 14

18:17 Hapag-Lloyd to increase rates from East Asia to Mexico, Central America, West Coast of South America, Caribbean & Panama
17:48 Petersburg Oil Terminal puts into operation its emergency response team
17:33 Vinalines to open container shipping centre next week
17:30 Fairway adjustment will simplify Elbe traffic control already next year
17:27 Final cruise ship for the year calls to the Port of Gothenburg
17:23 The MV Magda joins the Klaveness Bulkhandling pool
17:16 India’s containerised export up 10% in the third quarter of 2018
17:13 FSL Trust announces newbuilding agreement for the construction of two LR2 product tankers
17:13 Havyard project with Havila Kystruten on hydrogen-powered coastal route operations to receive over NOK 100 million in funding from Pilot-E
16:24 World Fuel Services expands bunker operations in US leading up to 2020
15:57 IMO held training workshops in Cameroon Single Window for Foreign Trade Transactions
14:49 Onezhsky Shipyard lays down self-propelled hopper barge of Project HB600
14:08 Irish Continental Group plc takes delivery of cruise ferry W.B.Yeats
13:55 WMU takes part in Ocean Literacy Conference
13:31 First in industry ADNOC co-loads LPG and propylene onto same vessel in Ruwais
13:10 WMU hosted round table discussion regarding key challenges facing IMO
12:53 Bunker market at the Port of Saint-Petersburg, Russia shows mixed price movements (graph)
12:32 Nordic American Offshore secures contract for its PSV NAO Viking
12:11 Rosrybolovstvo supports 2nd Dredging and Hydraulic Engineering Structures Congress
11:50 Association of Commercial Sea Ports celebrates its 30th anniversary
11:24 Gazprom and Itochu sign MoU under Baltic LNG project
11:06 Scorpio Bulkers announces time charter-out agreement
10:48 Domestic ferry safety exercise conducted in Indonesia
10:25 IMO holds training for managing insecurity in west Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden
10:06 EC adds six new yards to its ‘European List of ship recycling facilities’
09:47 Brent Crude futures price down 0.61% to $61.05, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.4% to $52.37
09:25 GTT notified by HSHI for the tank design of two new LNG carriers for CMM
09:18 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,365 points
08:06 Fincantieri publishes its Sustainability Plan 2018-2022
07:14 Port of Long Beach cargo volume up to 621,835 TEU in November 2018
06:09 Mitsubishi Shipbuilding holds christening ceremony for LPG carrier "LAUREL PRIME"

2018 December 13

18:43 Coal exports via Rosterminalugol hit 19-millionth tonne mark
18:28 Port of Kaliningrad throughput in Jan-Nov rose 4% to nearly 13 million tonnes
18:25 Tideway completes installation of longest AC offshore wind export cable at Hornsea One in the UK
17:49 Hapag-Lloyd to cancel calls at Port of Bremerhaven
17:25 Building of Johan Sverdrup Phase II begins
17:19 Port of Vyborg 11-month cargo volumes soar 24% to 1.72 million tonnes
17:13 Seabridge first in Belgium to receive the SCA certificate
17:08 Jan De Nul cleans up polluted beaches along the coast in southern France
17:07 Bunker fuel prices at Far Eastern ports close the week lower
17:00 Murmansk Region will improve water safety regulations – Marina Kovtun
16:47 Port of Vysotsk cargo volume in Jan-Nov rises 6% to 16.86 million tonnes
16:36 Maersk Broker Bulk Chartering and NAODAN Chartering
16:30 Murmansk Region Governor is a member of revised State Commission for Arctic Development Issues
16:26 YILPORT Holding wins Port Operator Award at Lloyd’s List Global Awards
16:03 Rosmorport releases RFPs for design of an DF 12/14MW icebreaker
15:49 Jotun and Kansai Paint build relationship to meet marine and protective demand
15:46 Baltic Sea Ports Authority icebreakers assist merchant vessels in the Gulf of Finland
15:21 Containerships receives its first LNG-powered container vessel
14:44 Uncertainty lingers in fuel markets despite OPEC cuts
14:17 Maersk Line receives Containership Operator of the Year award
14:13 Iran-Indonesia to develop port cooperation
13:22 NOIA: U.S. territories need the Offshore Wind for Territories Act
13:12 QPS inks first "Green Loan" with BNP Paribas
12:48 Panama Canal signs agreement with Brazil's Port of Itaqui
12:32 Port of Ust-Luga throughput in Jan-Nov drops 4% to 90.27 million tonnes (updates)
11:34 Port of St. Petersburg eleven-month volume rises 11% to 54.15 million tonnes (updated)
11:06 Nonius Engineering to join the 6th International Forum of Dredging Companies as its sponsor and speaker
10:16 Crude oil futures gain to $ 60,44 (Brent) and $ 51,32 (WTI)
09:07 Baltic Dry Index down 0.81% to 1353 points