• 2019 May 21 15:33

    UN agency pushes forward on shipping emissions reduction

    IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) pushed forward with a number of measures aimed at supporting the achievement of the objectives set out in the initial IMO strategy on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships, in line with the Paris Agreement under UNFCCC and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

    The MEPC 74 session (13-17 May) approved amendments to strengthen existing mandatory requirements for new ships to be more energy efficient; initiated the Fourth IMO GHG Study; adopted a resolution encouraging cooperation with ports to reduce emission from shipping; approved a procedure for the impact assessment of new measures proposed; agreed to establish a multi-donor trust fund for GHG; and agreed terms of reference for the sixth and seventh intersessional working groups to be held in November 2019 and in March 2020 respectively in order to expedite the work.

    Also discussed were possible candidate short-term, mid- and long-term measures aiming at reducing GHG emissions from ships, to be further considered at next sessions.

    The MEPC approved, for adoption at the next session in April 2020, amendments to MARPOL Annex VI to significantly strengthen the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) "phase 3" requirements.

    The draft amendments bring forward the entry into effect date of phase 3 to 2022, from 2025, for several ship types, including gas carriers, general cargo ships and LNG carriers. This means that new ships built from that date must be significantly more energy efficient than the baseline.

     For container ships, the EEDI reduction rate is enhanced, significantly for larger ship sizes, as follows:
     For a containership of 200,000 DWT and above, the EEDI reduction rate is set at 50% from 2022
     For a containership of 120,000 DWT and above but less than 200,000 DWT, 45% from 2022
     For a containership of 80,000 DWT and above but less than 120,000 DWT, 40% from 2022
     For a containership of 40,000 DWT and above but less than 80,000 DWT, 35% from 2022
     For a containership of 15,000 DWT and above but less than 40,000 DWT, 30% from 2022

    The MEPC also agreed terms of reference for a correspondence group to look into the introduction of a possible "phase 4" of EEDI requirements.

    The terms of reference for the Fourth IMO GHG Study were agreed and the tendering process will begin with an invitation to tender issued shortly. The IMO Secretariat will issue a circular letter for procuring the services of the contractor.

    The study will include:

     Inventory of current global emissions of GHGs and relevant substances emitted from ships of 100 GT and above engaged in international voyages. The inventory should include total annual GHG emission series from 2012 to 2018, or as far as statistical data are available.

     GHGs are defined as the six gases initially considered under the UNFCCC process: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). The inventory should also include other relevant substances that may contribute to climate change, including Black Carbon (BC).

     Estimates of carbon intensity (estimates of world fleet's CO2 emissions per transport work, from 2012 to 2018, or as far as statistical data are available).

     Possible estimates of carbon intensity of international shipping for the year 2008 (the baseline year for the levels of ambition identified in the Initial Strategy).

     Scenarios for future international shipping emissions 2018-2050

    A Steering Committee will be established to act as a focal point for MEPC, to review and monitor progress and confirm that the Study meets the terms of reference. It is intended that the work could begin in Autumn 2019, with a view to the final report of the Study being submitted to MEPC 76, to be held in Autumn 2020. (The previous, Third IMO GHG Study, was published in 2014).

    MEPC adopted resolution MEPC.323(74) on Invitation to Member States to encourage voluntary cooperation between the port and shipping sectors to contribute to reducing GHG emissions from ships.

    This could include regulatory, technical, operational and economic actions, such as the provision of: Onshore Power Supply (preferably from renewable sources); safe and efficient bunkering of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels; incentives promoting sustainable low-carbon and zero-carbon shipping; and support for the optimization of port calls including facilitation of just-in-time arrival of ships.

    The MEPC approved the Procedure for assessing impacts on States of candidate measures for reduction of GHG emissions from ships. The procedure identifies four steps:

     Step 1: initial impact assessment, to be submitted as part of the initial proposal to the Committee for candidate measures;
     Step 2: submission of commenting document(s), if any;
     Step 3: comprehensive response, if requested by commenting document(s); and
     Step 4: comprehensive impact assessment, if required by the MEPC.

    Impact assessments should be evidence-based and should take into account, as appropriate, analysis tools and models, such as, cost-effectiveness analysis tools, e.g. maritime transport cost models, trade flows models, impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP); updated Marginal Abatement Cost Curves (MACCs); and economic trade models, transport models and combined trade-transport models.

    The MEPC agreed to establish a voluntary multi-donor trust fund ("GHG TC-Trust Fund"), to provide a dedicated source of financial support for technical cooperation and capacity-building activities to support the implementation of the Initial IMO Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships.

    The MEPC discussed various candidate short-term measures, including strengthening the energy efficiency requirements for existing ships, speed and other technical and operational measures. In view of the vast number of proposals, the working group focused on how to consider, organize and streamline proposals on candidate short-term measures.

    The intersessional working group session will further consider candidate short-term measure, including concrete proposals to improve the operational energy efficiency of existing ships.

    The MEPC also considered concrete proposals on candidate mid-/long-term measures, in particular measures aimed at encouraging the uptake of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels.

    The MEPC approved the terms of reference for the sixth and seventh meetings of the Intersessional Working Group on Reduction of GHG Emissions from Ships - to be held, respectively, 11 to 15 November 2019 and back to back with MEPC 75 (in March 2020 ahead of MEPC 75, 30 March to 3 April 2020), subject to endorsement by the IMO Council (C122, 15-19 July).

    The intersessional working group will:

     further consider concrete proposals to improve the operational energy efficiency of existing ships, with a view to developing draft amendments to Chapter 4 of MARPOL Annex VI and associated guidelines, as appropriate;

     further consider concrete proposals to reduce methane slip and emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs);

     consider a draft MEPC resolution urging Member States to develop and update a voluntary National Action Plan (NAP) with a view to contributing to reducing GHG emissions from international shipping, and develop associated guidelines, as appropriate;

     further consider concrete proposals to encourage the uptake of alternative low-carbon and zero-carbon fuels, including the development of lifecycle GHG/carbon intensity guidelines for all relevant types of fuels and incentive schemes, as appropriate;

     consider the development of further actions on capacity-building, technical cooperation, research and development, including support for assessment of impacts and support for implementation of measures; and  consider other concrete proposals for candidate measures.

    The MEPC requested the Secretariat to continue its well-established cooperation with the UNFCCC Secretariat and its attendance at relevant UNFCCC meetings. IMO participates in the UN Climate Change Conferences, providing updates to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA). The MEPC requested the Secretariat to continue, as appropriate, to bring the outcome of IMO's work to the attention of appropriate UNFCCC bodies and meetings.

    The MEPC noted that information on the ongoing work of IMO would be provided to the SBSTA 50, in Bonn, Germany (17- 28 June 2019) and to SBSTA 51, scheduled to take place during the UN Climate Change Conference in Santiago, Chile (2-13 December 2019).

    The IMO-Norway GreenVoyage-2050 project was launched (13 May), to respond to the need to provide technical assistance to States and to support technology transfer and promote green technology uptake to improve energy efficiency and reduce GHG emissions throughout the maritime sector.




2019 June 25

18:06 VARD orders seawater cooling for newbuild cable layer
17:34 ABP Humber Estuary Services (HES) purchased new £600,000 survey vessel
17:06 Q-Flex vessel sets delivery benchmark in Turkey
16:28 Awilco LNG posts vessel and contract update
16:22 Zhatai Shipyard to be provided with RUB 4.1 billion of budget investments in 2019–2021
15:59 Maersk introduces Maersk Spot, a new fully online product that simplifies the buying process for customers
15:15 NCSP Group announced decisions made at annual general shareholders' meeting
14:51 IMO: committed to implementation
14:20 ABP King’s Lynn investment attracts new construction industry customer
13:37 MAN B&W dual-fuel engines pass half-million hour milestone
12:59 ECSA celebrates the Day of the Seafarer
12:47 Bunker market sees mixed price movements at the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
11:58 Fuel technologies in the spotlight at ABS Hellenic Technical Committee
11:39 Dickson obtains status of international port
10:58 MEYER WERFT hands over Spirit of Discovery to the British cruise line Saga Cruises
10:42 Concordia Damen ships 18 hulls from Shanghai to Rotterdam
10:24 Gender equality is the theme of Day of the Seafarer 2019
10:03 Brent Crude futures price is down 0.81% to $63.66, Light Sweet Crude – down 0.88% to $57.39
09:46 MABUX: Bunker market this morning, June 25
09:16 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,258 points

2019 June 24

18:05 Training Montenegro to combat oil spills
17:50 Four cruise ships visit the Port of Riga at the same time
17:27 Finnish Government proposes supplementary appropriation of EUR 40 million for basic infrastructure management
17:05 Austal delivers third guardian class patrol boat to the Australian Department of Defence
16:47 Incat Crowther announces contract to design a 65m catamaran passenger ferry
16:46 Construction and operation of dual-fuel ships has low economic efficiency – USC President
16:45 Maersk Drilling completes sale of jack-up Mærsk Giant
16:24 USC set to build floating electricity-generating facilities running on LNG supplied by bunkering ships
16:03 Van Oord and Mammoet enter into cooperation with scale-up Verton
15:45 United Shipbuilding Corporation to launch the first LNG-powered ferry for Ust-Luga – Baltijsk line in late July
15:30 United Shipbuilding Corporation establishes USC-Propulsion and USC-Interior subdivisions
15:03 MOL signs deal on a long-term charter contract to utilize "MOL FSRU Challenger" for Hong Kong Offshore LNG Terminal Project
14:42 New USC Vice-President, Civil Shipbuilding, to get into office on 10 July 2019
14:21 USC expects its Astrakhan cluster to build 12 river-sea class ships per year
14:03 Yang Ming announces new China-Thailand direct service
13:37 Port of Rotterdam Authority to collaborate with four new companies
13:25 Igor Vasilyev appointed as Acting General Director of FTI Rostransmodernizatsiya
13:02 ARIES gained ABS Certification: Middle East 1 st Remote Inspection Techniques specialist
12:20 BC Ferries releases year-end results
12:10 Keel laid for the first of Damen’s revolutionary new FCS 7011 Crew Change
11:56 Average wholesale prices for М-100 HFO down to RUB 15,377 in RF spot market
11:29 FESCO to launch new container train to China via Far East overland route
10:58 Southern Center of Shipbuilding and Ship Repair acquired property of Krasniye Barrikady plant
10:35 Satti floating drilling unit owned by Kazmortransflot delivered to Azerbaijan
10:13 Throughput of Chinese ports grew by 4.1% to 5.5 billion tonnes in Jan-May’2019
09:53 MABUX: Bunker Market this morning June, 24
09:52 Brent Crude futures price is up 0.4% to $64.71, Light Sweet Crude – up 0.68% to $57.82
09:34 Container throughput of port Hong Kong (China) down 7.7% to 7.55 million TEUs in Jan-May’2019
09:17 Baltic Dry Index is up to 1,239 points

2019 June 23

16:29 INPEX submits revised plan of development for Abadi LNG Project
15:13 Oceanwide Expeditions: Hondius sister ship m/v Janssonius ordered for 2021
14:19 CMA CGM announces FAK rates on Asia - Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka service
13:46 Coast Guard rescues five from capsized boat in Chesapeake Bay
12:43 Danske Commodities signs 20-year PPA with Hywind Scotland wind farm
10:29 TMC sets up office to support Chinese yards

2019 June 22

15:24 AAPA selects Christopher Connor as its new CEO
12:37 TMC contracted by VARD to supply marine compressors for Viking Cruises' vessels
11:23 ABS to class first ‘tri-fueled’ vessel for Harvey Gulf
10:13 Port of Oakland steps up as ships carry bigger loads than ever
10:05 Coast Guard responds to barge aground in Naknek, Alaska