Ports can accelerate zero-emission ocean shipping transition, new report shows
by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak
Ports need to accelerate action in the race to a zero-emission ocean shipping future, environmental organisations Pacific Environment and Opportunity Green said in a new playbook released in connection with Climate Week NYC 2022.
The IPCC’s 2022 climate report issued dire warnings to end our dependence on fossil fuels if we are to avoid the climate tipping point of 1.5 degrees Celsius of warming, and that includes shipping’s contribution to global emissions and port pollution. Now is the time to transition the shipping industry to clean energy technologies and a zero-emission future.
“Ports have a responsibility — and an economic opportunity — to become clean energy hubs and lead pathways to zero-emission ocean shipping,” Allyson Browne, Climate Campaign Manager for Ports at Pacific Environment, said.
“Our new report presents a 9-point framework to guide ports towards solutions that will dramatically reduce ship pollution this decade, accelerate the zero-emission vessel market, and transform the industry for a 100% zero-emission future.”
If ocean shipping were a country, it would be the sixth largest polluter of climate pollution in the world. Today, 50,000 ships hauling 90% of the world’s cargo emit as much carbon dioxide as the entire country of Germany. Air pollution from ships contributes to 260,000 premature deaths and 14 million cases of childhood asthma each year globally.
By joining together and taking bold climate and public health actions, ports can play a leadership role in catalysing the zero-emission ocean shipping transition this decade – and beyond, according to the two organisations.
“The UN’s shipping regulator, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), has been considering what to do about shipping emissions for over two decades, but so far has made almost no impact. Meanwhile, we all know the urgency of the climate crisis,” Aoife O’Leary, CEO of Opportunity Green, noted.
“Our new report sets out how ports and the local communities around them can take ownership of their own transition to a climate-friendly future without waiting for international action.”
The playbook launches with Pacific Environment’s new campaign: Ports for People. In partnership with Opportunity Green, Friends of the Earth, WWF-Mexico, the organisation is on a mission to end port and ship pollution. Together with local communities, allies and partners, Ports for People seeks to transform ports from hotspots of fossil fuel pollution to thriving hubs of sustainable economic development and environmental protection.
The playbook focuses on three main tracks: commitments, policy, and progress. These tracks lay out nine actions that will end port pollution, accelerate the market for zero-emissions technologies, reward first movers and ensure reliable access to zero-emissions infrastructure and fuels.
Specifically, the 9-point playbook calls on ports to take the following actions:
Commitments: Commitments to end all port pollution from ships; create or join zero-emission shipping corridors (e.g., The Clydebank Declaration and LA-Shanghai Green Shipping Corridor); and, abandon all fossil-fuel projects.
Policy: Set zero-emissions deadlines for all ships; reward first movers and attract the world’s cleanest ships to your port; and, reduce emissions from your existing ship calls.
Progress: Electrify everything possible; provide clean energy and reliable fueling for zero-emissions cargo ships; and, center community and worker oversight in your energy transition.
Ports are the hubs of world trade but also centers of concentrated pollution from ships. Science shows us that the 2020s are the critical decade for climate action and, with ships having an average lifespan of 20-30 years, decarbonisation of shipping needs to begin immediately.
This transition is not only necessary for reducing pollution and mitigating global temperature rise; it is also the best way for ports to ensure stable growth and profitability in a competitive industry that demands around-the-clock efficiency in a world impacted by climate change.