• 2020 October 15 18:05

    IBC and MARPOL Annex II changes require preparations ahead of 1 January 2021

    Amendments to the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code) and International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL) Annex II - Carriage of noxious liquid substances in bulk, will impact all stakeholders in the chemical and Vegetable oils trade. As the amendments enter into force on 1 January 2021, It is recommended that ships replace existing certificates as soon as possible, to make sure the vessels are operational come 1 January, BIMCO said in its release.

    The amendment to the IBC Code in particular is very comprehensive and as a consequence, a new Certificate of Fitness (CoF) for a vessel must be issued and be on board at the latest on 1 January 2021. On that date, the new Certificate of Fitness (CoF) shall replace the existing one and therefore, it is highly recommended to have the new certificate on board as soon as possible, to make sure the vessel will be operational come 1. January 2021.

    The reason why a new CoF shall be issued is that the classification of the substances listed in the IBC Code chapter 17 and 18 has been “harmonized”, so that substances assessed before and after 2004 are now using the same criteria.

    The classification societies have of course been aware of this task since the amendment to IBC Code was adopted and they have duly informed their members.

    Chapter 17 of the IBC Code is a “Summary of minimum requirements” and here we will for example find requirements to ship type for all the substances listed in chapter 17. There are three ship type requirements: ship type 1 is the strictest, ship type 2 is less strict and ship type 3 is even less strict. Chapter 17 will also give the MARPOL Annex II pollution category X, Y or Z. A category X substance will require high attention in order to avoid pollution of the oceans and category X will always require a prewash before the vessel leaves the port of unloading.

    Chapter 17 will also indicate with “T” in column (k) whether a substance is considered a “Toxic” substance. It is a requirement in IBC code that when a vessel carries a toxic substance, an instrument for vapour-detection must be on board. Many toxic cargoes will also have higher requirements to stowage and segregation from oil fuel tanks as well as requirements to cargo tank relief-valve settings than “Non Toxic” cargoes.

    Chapter 18 of the IBC Code is a “List of products to which the Code does not apply” and substances from chapter 18 can in fact be carried on any tanker. However, a number of cargoes listed in chapter 18 will be given MARPOL Annex II pollution category Z and the discharge of tankwashings shall then be governed by MARPOL Annex II.

    The amendment to MARPOL Annex II will include a new definition on a so-called “Persistent floater”, and Regulation 13 – Control of discharges of residues of noxious liquid substances, will now require a mandatory prewash after unloading of persistent floaters when the port of unloading is located inside certain regional areas, according to new regulation 13.7.1.4 in MARPOL Annex II. The regional areas are listed in regulation 13.9 and include more or less the ports north of Gibraltar and east of the west coast of Ireland, and ports in the North, Norwegian and Baltic Seas. The “persistent floaters” are identified in Chapter 17 of the IBC Code with a new paragraph 16.2.7 in column (o).

    Some 50 cargoes will change (upgrade) their ship type requirement from ship type 3 to ship type 2, or from ship type 2 and up to ship type 1. More than a handful cargoes from chapter 18 will move to chapter 17 and will no longer be allowed to be carried on tankers not having a CoF.

    Around 35 cargoes will go the opposite way and downgrade from a higher ship type to a lower one.

    A few cargoes will change their pollution category – some will have a stricter category while some will go the opposite way.

    More than 220 cargoes will now be added to the current cargoes having the “T” in IBC code column (k). Such cargoes require vapor-detection instruments on board.

    It is important to note that 45 cargoes with pollution category Y will in column “o” in IBC Code have reference to chapter 16.2.7. Therefore, they are “persistent floaters” and subject to mandatory prewash when they are unloaded inside certain regional areas, according to the new regulation 13.7.1.4 in MARPOL Annex II. When unloaded outside the areas listed in MARPOL Annex II regulation 13.9, the discharge of tank cleaning water can be as for any other pollution category Y cargo taking cargo viscosity, melting point and unloading temperature into consideration.

    All vessels that can carry a cargo with a pollution category X, Y or Z shall have a “Procedures and Arrangements Manual” (P&A manual) on board. When such a vessel can carry a “persistent floater”, the P&A manual shall include a new paragraph 4.4.5 giving procedures relating to the cleaning of cargo tanks after unloading persistent floaters inside certain regional areas, according to the new regulation 13.7.1.4 in MARPOL Annex II. Therefore, P&A manuals on board all ships shall be amended before 1 January 2021.

    All ships must have a new Certificate of Fitness on board and in use from 1. January 2021. Cargoes loaded prior to 1. January 2021 can be carried and unloaded according to the requirements in force at the date of loading.

    Be prepared to supply the ships with specific vapor-detection instruments for further toxic cargoes. Additionally, all ships shall have adjusted their P&A manual to include procedures for prewash after persistent floaters.

    Be prepared to face lack of prewash shore reception facilities in ports in regions where it is required to perform a prewash after unloading persistent floaters.

    MARPOL Annex II regulation 13.4 may exempt for mandatory prewash when the unloaded tank is to be reloaded with the same substance, or another substance compatible with the previous one, and the tank will not be washed prior to loading. However, when such an exemption has been granted, the appropriate entry made in the Cargo record Book shall be endorsed by an authorized surveyor (so-called “Annex II-surveyor”). As persistent floaters – typical various Vegetable oils (vegoils) will require a mandatory prewash when unloaded in accordance with the new MARPOL Annex II regulation 13.7.1.4. It might however prove difficult to find an authorized surveyor to grant the exemption from the mandatory prewash as this is a “new” situation. Vegoils are often loaded on ships on consecutive voyages, and if the voyages are inside the regional areas where prewash after persistent floaters is required, and the tanks are not washed but shall be reloaded with the same product, it will be relevant to apply for an exemption for mandatory prewash.




2020 October 27

18:37 Bahri net profit up 114% in third quarter of 2020
18:07 Premuda and Columbia Shipmanagement form joint venture
17:52 Publication of first N2000 nautical charts postponed to 2021
17:45 Deep water berth extension at Port of Halifax fully operational
17:37 SC Ports welcomes two new ship-to-shore cranes
17:30 FSUE Rosmorport to take part in 4th “LNG Fleet, LNG Bunkering and Alternatives” conference
17:06 Costa Cruises completes first LNG bunkering operation in Italy
16:24 OOCL updates North Europe – Turkey service
15:33 New tanks for storage and processing of polluted water have been put into operation in the port of Riga
15:04 Norway's biggest ferry company orders two new ferries from Havyard LAB
14:10 Port of Gothenburg posts results for January-September 2020
14:06 Krasniye Barrikady launched non-self-propelled cargo pontoon of Project GPRN
13:21 Wärtsilä cargo handling system design selected for new Very Large Ethane Carrier vessels
12:52 Bunker prices are stable in the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
12:27 BlueWater Reporting issues Q3 2020 World Liner Supply Report
12:09 HEINEKEN pioneers with zero-emission shipping
11:58 COVAXX and Maersk enter partnership to supply COVID-19 vaccines globally
11:03 Sea Port of Saint-Petersburg continues automation of railcars weighing
10:38 RF Government to look into development of national project focused on IWW
10:09 CMA CGM announces PSS for cargo from India North West ports to Europe
09:45 MABUX: Bunker Market this morning, Oct 27
09:40 Strategy for Developing the Russian Arctic Zone and Ensuring National Security until 2035 approved
09:22 Oil prices are recovering
09:07 Baltic Dry Index as of October 27

2020 October 26

18:03 Shipping emissions talks stall in London
18:03 Port of Klaipeda to get funds for sustainable development and digitization of the port’ management
17:42 34.6 million tonnes loaded in the Port of Klaipeda in 9 months of this year
16:58 Innovative solutions of MAPEI are increasingly widespread in shipbuilding
16:34 Kalmar continues long-term collaboration with Patrick Terminals with new order for AutoStrads
16:10 Average spot market price for Russian M100 product rose to RUB 12,430 pmt
15:46 Royal IHC and Suez Canal Authority successfully launch CSD HUSSEIN TANTAWY
15:34 EPS secures 15-year TC from STL for four dual fuel VLECs
14:52 RF Prime Minister approves list of checkpoints that can be crossed by foreigners with e-visas
14:31 Ocean Network Express to launch new intra Asia service
14:03 Port of Helsinki passenger traffic down 53.9% to 4.1 million in Jan-Sept 2020
13:06 Passenger turnover in Russian ports plunged by 73.9% in 9M’2020
12:59 ICS welcomes legally binding agreement to significantly improve the carbon efficiency of shipping
12:37 Delo Group and Russian Railways signed Agreement on cooperation in organization of rail container transportation
11:59 Stena Bulk branded class for tanker personnel opened at Admiral Makarov SUMIS
11:58 The Ocean Cleanup introduces first product made with ocean plastic pollution
11:30 NIBULON ranks first among Ukrainian shipyards
10:31 EMA and Keppel jointly awarded a research grant to pilot Singapore’s first floating Energy Storage System
10:15 Admiralteiskie Verfi shipyard delivered diesel-electric submarine Volkhov to RF Navy
09:50 MABUX: Bunker Market this morning, Oct 26
09:26 Oil market starts week with decreasing prices
09:09 Baltic Dry Index as of October 23

2020 October 25

15:27 USCG: Oil spill cleanup of Delaware Bay coastline continues
14:53 Richmond Council to host first public meeting with Hammersmith Bridge Taskforce
14:38 Deep water berth extension at Port of Halifax fully operational
13:27 Gothenburg Port Authority's Elvir Dzanic named as a member of Electrification Commission
12:43 Maritime NZ welcomes report to MPI
12:18 Oil spill response equipment and vessel rates in Singapore
11:04 GPA holds first virtual State of the Port

2020 October 24

15:47 Ocean transport of the first lot of railway coach to Myanmar completed
14:51 OOCL announces services changes and enhancements on Asia-Europe trade
13:28 Port Authority launches new campaign against litter
12:41 Hapag-Lloyd announces Ocean Tariff rates on East Asia - NEC and Mediterranean trade
11:06 CSD Hussein Tantawy successfully launched at IHC's shipyard in The Netherlands

2020 October 23

18:09 Baltic Data Flows: New HELCOM project seeks to harmonize and harvest environmental data at a pan-Baltic level
17:47 ICS welcomes legally binding agreement to significantly improve carbon efficiency of shipping