• 2018 May 25 17:40

    IMO takes first steps to address autonomous ships

    The Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) endorsed a framework for a regulatory scoping exercise, as work in progress, including preliminary definitions of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) and degrees of autonomy, as well as a methodology for conducting the exercise and a plan of work, IMO said in its press release.

    The International Maritime Organization (IMO) – the global regulatory body for international shipping - has commenced work to look into how safe, secure and environmentally sound Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) operations may be addressed in IMO instruments.

    The Organization’s senior technical body, the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC), endorsed a framework for a regulatory scoping exercise, as work in progress, including preliminary definitions of MASS and degrees of autonomy, as well as a methodology for conducting the exercise and a plan of work.

    For the purpose of the regulatory scoping exercise, “Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship (MASS)” is defined as a ship which, to a varying degree, can operate independently of human interaction.

    To facilitate the progress of the regulatory scoping exercise, the degrees of autonomy are organized (non-hierarchically) as follows (it was noted that MASS could be operating at one or more degrees of autonomy for the duration of a single voyage):

     Ship with automated processes and decision support: Seafarers are on board to operate and control shipboard systems and functions. Some operations may be automated.

     Remotely controlled ship with seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location, but seafarers are on board.

     Remotely controlled ship without seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location. There are no seafarers on board.

     Fully autonomous ship: The operating system of the ship is able to make decisions and determine actions by itself.

    As a first step, the scoping exercise will identify current provisions in an agreed list of IMO instruments and assess how they may or may not be applicable to ships with varying degrees of autonomy and/or whether they may preclude MASS operations.

    As a second step, an analysis will be conducted to determine the most appropriate way of addressing MASS operations, taking into account, inter alia, the human element, technology and operational factors.

    The MSC, which was meeting for its 99th session (16-25 May), established a correspondence group on MASS to test the framework of the regulatory scoping exercise agreed at the session and, in particular, the methodology, and report back to its next session, MSC 100 (3-7 December 2018).

    The Correspondence Group will test the methodology by conducting an initial assessment of SOLAS regulation III/17-1 (Recovery of persons from the water), which requires all ships to have ship-specific plans and procedures for recovery of persons from the water; SOLAS regulation V/19.2 (Carriage requirements for carriage of shipborne navigational equipment and systems); and Load Lines regulation 10 (Information to be supplied to the master).

    If time allows, it will also consider SOLAS regulations II-1/3-4 (Emergency towing arrangements and procedures) and V/22 (Navigation bridge visibility).

    The Committee further invited interested Member States and international organizations to submit proposals related to the development of interim guidelines for MASS trials to its next session, MSC 100.

    The list of instruments to be covered in the MSC’s scoping exercise for MASS includes those covering safety (SOLAS); collision regulations (COLREG); loading and stability (Load Lines); training of seafarers and fishers (STCW, STCW-F); search and rescue (SAR); tonnage measurement (Tonnage Convention); and special trade passenger ship instruments (SPACE STP, STP).

    IMO in 2017 adopted Strategic Directions for the Organization, including one on the integration of new and advancing technologies in the regulatory framework - balancing the benefits derived from new and advancing technologies against safety and security concerns, the impact on the environment and on international trade facilitation, the potential costs to the industry, and their impact on personnel, both on board and ashore.

    Speaking at the opening of the MSC meeting, IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim highlighted the importance of remaining flexible to accommodate new technologies, and so improve the efficiency of shipping, “while at the same time keeping in mind the role of the human element and the need to maintain safe navigation, further reducing the number of marine casualties and incidents”.
     
    IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.




2019 January 23

18:27 Planning for 2020 IMO's sulphur cap has already started
18:13 Eagle Bulk receives commitment for a new credit facility totaling $208 million
18:02 Port of Gdansk (Poland) throughput in 2018 totaled 49.03 million tonnes, up 20.7% Y-o-Y
17:40 Andrei Malyarov elected as Chairman of Severnaya Verf shipyard's BoD
17:19 RWE files acquisition of renewables businesses of E.ON and innogy with European Commission
17:03 The Board of Directors of Fincantieri appoints a second General Manager
16:51 Ice restrictions at the port of Arkhangelsk come into effect on February 15
16:37 USCG interdicts smuggling boat with convicted criminals aboard off Florida
16:24 Regulatory issues related to operation of seaport infrastructure facilities to be discussed at the 2nd HES and Dredging Congress
16:08 First discharge of LPG from Ichthys LNG Project in Japan carried by “K” LINE’s VLGC “GRACE RIVER”
16:03 CMA CGM to launch its Med Pendulum Service (MPS)
15:46 Ice restrictions at the port of Vyborg (Leningrad Region) come into effect on February 6
15:33 Nakilat – Keppel welcomes first FSRU at the Erhama Bin Jaber Al Jalahma Shipyard
15:28 MHI Vestas achieves final turbine installation at Horns Reef 3
15:18 Rolls-Royce completes €57 million upgrade of Rauma thruster facility
15:03 NYK announces delivery of new coal carrier for Hokkaido Electric Power
14:33 Port of Oakland reports more ships than ever plugging into grid
14:20 Throughput of Port Vysotsky up 10.7% to 7.89 million tonnes in 2018
14:03 Kiel welcomes the TUI Cruises newbuilding
13:45 Admiralteiskie Verfi shipyard lays down large freezing trawler of Project СТ-192
13:27 Coast Guard’s only heavy icebreaker arrives at Antarctica
13:02 Rotterdam as a circular hub for the raw materials transition
12:58 The Russian Federation accedes to passenger compensation treaty
12:51 New initiatives to strengthen Singapore as a global maritime hub announced
12:37 SCHOTTEL presents new mechanical hybrid propulsion solution
12:04 Port of Riga cooperates with Balarusian forest industry to further increase its timber cargo volumes
11:42 15 vessels escorted by icebreakers in eastern part of Gulf of Finland during 24 hours on January 22-23
11:16 OSG exercises option for second 204,000 barrel barge at Gunderson Marine
10:55 Maritime Security & Offshore Patrol Week 2019 to be held for the first time ever in Dubai, UAE by IQPC Middle East
10:37 N-KOM welcomes first FSRU at the Erhama Bin Jaber Al Jalahma Shipyard
10:20 Responsibilities for implementation of state programmes of the Russian Federation divided between Deputy Prime Ministers
10:06 Brent Crude futures price up 0.03% to $61.52, Light Sweet Crude – up 0.02% to $53.03
09:48 Aderco: Planning for 2020 has already started
09:43 Vympel Shipyard lays down yet another hydrographic vessel / buoy tender of Project 19910 for RF Navy
09:19 Baltic Dry Index is down to 1,036 points

2019 January 22

18:25 Elengy prepares the sale of access capacities to the Fos Tonkin LNG terminal for the period 2021-2030
18:05 Monjasa steps up as the 2nd largest local bunker supplier in the Panama Canal in 2018
17:54 Relampago practices skills with UAE Navy ship
17:35 CalMac takes over the tiller at Argyll Ferries
17:05 NYK gets the highest-rated ‘A’ for Climate Change by CDP Survey
16:42 RF Government proposed candidates to Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port's BoD
16:23 Pilbara Ports Authority achieves a new record tonnage on a single tide at the Port of Port Hedland
15:56 Port of Rotterdam Authority and Rotterdam Port Promotion Council renew collaboration
15:46 ICTSI Subic hits milestone 200,000th TEU move
15:44 Growth seen in several sectors at ABP South Wales
15:28 KONTUR SPb ERT unit’s drills get thumbs up from Rosmorrechflot’s certification commission
15:22 First ship viaVerbrugge Terminals’ new permanent shipping line with South America docks in North Sea Port
15:00 Meyer Turku delivers New Mein Schiff 2 to TUI Cruises in Kiel
14:41 Jotun looks into expansion of ship coatings production in Russia
14:32 HHLA completes expansion of the container rail terminal Burchardkai
14:19 Bunker prices are flat at the Far East ports of Russia (graph)
14:02 North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation opens the Port of Mackay for new bulk material trades
13:32 China Navigation to acquire the bulk shipping activities of Hamburg Süd
13:22 14 crewmembers of gas carriers which caught fire in the Kerch Strait confirmed dead, five missing
13:15 Fincantieri to build LCS 31 for US Navy
12:53 Gdynia, Poland to host Transport Week 2019 on March 5-7
12:31 MOL moves to establish 'Asahi MOL Tankers' for pool operation of MR Product Tankers
12:14 DFDS expands cooperation with Turkish Ekol Logistics
11:45 ABP invests £2.2 million in new agribulk terminal at Port of Ayr
11:17 BIMCO: only international action will stop increase in piracy